Chromatin immunoprecipitation assays for Myc and N-Myc
Department of Cell Biology and Human Anatomy, Institute of Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Shriners Hospital For Children Northern California, Sacramento, CA, USA.Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) (Impact Factor: 1.29). 09/2013; 1012:117-33. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-62703-429-6_9
Myc and N-Myc have widespread impacts on the chromatin state within cells, both in a gene-specific and genome-wide manner. Our laboratory uses functional genomic methods including chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), ChIP-chip, and, more recently, ChIP-seq to analyze the binding and genomic location of Myc. In this chapter, we describe an effective ChIP protocol using specific validated antibodies to Myc and N-Myc. We discuss the application of this protocol to several types of stem and cancer cells, with a focus on aspects of sample preparation prior to library preparation that are critical for successful Myc ChIP assays. Key variables are discussed and include the starting quantity of cells or tissue, lysis and sonication conditions, the quantity and quality of antibody used, and the identification of reliable target genes for ChIP validation.
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ABSTRACT: The histone variant H3.3 is involved in diverse biological processes, including development, transcriptional memory and transcriptional reprogramming, as well as diseases, including most notably malignant brain tumors. Recently, we developed a knockout mouse model for the H3f3b gene, one of two genes encoding H3.3. Here, we show that targeted disruption of H3f3b results in a number of phenotypic abnormalities, including a reduction in H3.3 histone levels, leading to male infertility, as well as abnormal sperm and testes morphology. Additionally, null germ cell populations at specific stages in spermatogenesis, in particular spermatocytes and spermatogonia, exhibited increased rates of apoptosis. Disruption of H3f3b also altered histone post-translational modifications and gene expression in the testes, with the most prominent changes occurring at genes involved in spermatogenesis. Finally, H3f3b null testes also exhibited abnormal germ cell chromatin reorganization and reduced protamine incorporation. Taken together, our studies indicate a major role for H3.3 in spermatogenesis through regulation of chromatin dynamics.Development 08/2014; 141(18). DOI:10.1242/dev.106450 · 6.46 Impact Factor
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