The EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire: validation study for Spanish bone metastases patients
ABSTRACT Quality of life (QL) is a key outcome for advanced disease cancer patients. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) has developed the QLQ-C15-PAL questionnaire, a short version of the QLQ-C30 for palliative care. The aim of the present study is to validate the QLQ-C15-PAL for use with Spanish patients with bone metastasis.
For this study, we used a consecutive sample of stage IV cancer patients with bone metastases who started radiotherapy with palliative intention. Two assessments were proposed for each patient: one on the first day of treatment and one a month after the end of the radiotherapy sessions. Psychometric evaluation of the structure, reliability, and validity was undertaken.
One hundred and sixteen patients completed the first questionnaire and seventy five completed the second. Multitrait scaling analysis showed that all items met the standards for convergent validity, and all except the fatigue scale met the standards for divergent validity. Cronbach's coefficient met the 0.7 alpha criterion on all scales except pain (second assessment). Most QLQ-C15-PAL areas had low-to-moderate correlations with the other areas. Significant differences appeared in the comparisons between groups with regard to: patients who died before the second assessment (six areas); patients receiving chemotherapy before starting radiotherapy in the two assessments (three and four areas, respectively); the performance status in the two assessments (nine and eight areas); and the number of RT sessions received (four). Quality of life was better in the second assessment in nine areas.
The QLQ-C15-PAL is a reliable and valid instrument when applied to a sample of Spanish patients. These results are in line with those of other validation studies.
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ABSTRACT: To determine the significance to patients of changes in health-related quality-of-life (HLQ) scores assessed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30). A subjective significance questionnaire (SSQ), which asks patients about perceived changes in physical, emotional, and social functioning and in global quality of life (global QL) and the QLQ-C30 were completed by patients who received chemotherapy for either breast cancer or small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). In the SSQ, patients rated their perception of change since the last time they completed the QLQ-C30 using a 7-category scale that ranged from "much worse" through "no change" to "much better." For each category of change in the SSQ, the corresponding differences were calculated in QLQ-C30 mean scores and effect sizes were determined. For patients who indicated "no change" in the SSQ, the mean change in scores in the corresponding QLQ-C30 domains was not significantly different from 0. For patients who indicated "a little" change either for better or for worse, the mean change in scores was about 5 to 10; for "moderate" change, about 10 to 20; and for "very much" change, greater than 20. Effect sizes increased in concordance with increasing changes in SSQ ratings and QLQ-C30 scores. The significance of changes in QLQ-C30 scores can be interpreted in terms of small, moderate, or large changes in quality of life as reported by patients in the SSQ. The magnitude of these changes also can be used to calculate the sample sizes required to detect a specified change in clinical trials.Journal of Clinical Oncology 02/1998; 16(1):139-44. · 17.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interpretation of health related quality of life (HRQOL) results in cancer patients is facilitated by knowledge of the levels of HRQOL in the general population. However, direct comparisons can be misleading unless age and gender are considered. We demonstrate the derivation of age- and gender-specific 'expected' values from population reference values by means of simple calculations. This survey included 3000 randomly selected Norwegians above 18 years of age who received the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30 (+3) by mail. 1965 responses from 2,892 eligible persons (68%) were received. The population was divided into six disease groups based on self-reported health problems. The observed mean scale scores of the different groups deviated greatly from those obtained in the general population. The score for physical function, for example, was 72 for cancer patients and ranged from 73.3 to 82.5 in other disease groups, as opposed to 89.9 in the general population and 98.9 in those with no health problems. The range for one of the quality of life (QOL) scales was 57.7 to 84.7 compared with 73.7 in the general population. Expected mean scores for the patient groups were computed from the reference values, based on the concept of equivalence of age and gender. The differences between the observed mean scores and the reference values were strongly mediated by this method. The expected scores for physical function then ranged from 83.3 to 93.1 and from 70.3 to 75 for the QOL scale. The impact of age and gender on the reference data from the EORTC QLQ-C30 (+3) obtained in a general population shows that these variables must be considered when interpreting data on HRQOL for cancer patients. The demonstration of how to generate mean values which are adjusted according to the age and gender distribution of a population should increase the usefulness of this questionnaire among clinicians.European Journal of Cancer 09/1998; 34(9):1381-9. DOI:10.1016/S0959-8049(98)00136-1 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The EORTC Quality of Life Study Group has developed a questionnaire for evaluating Quality of Life in international clinical trials: QLQ-C30. The purpose of the present work is to validate the third version of this questionnaire (3.0) for use in Spain. Two hundred and one head and neck cancer patients completed the QLQ-C30 at one or two time points during the treatment and follow-up periods, and a subsample completed the questionnaire on three occasions. Psychometric evaluation of the structure, reliability and validity of the questionnaire was undertaken. The data support the structure and the reliability of the scales. Validity was confirmed in three ways: the interscale correlations are statistically significant and moderate, several scales and items discriminate among groups of patients with different scores on the clinical variables, and some scales reflect significant changes during treatment and the follow-up period. The EORTC QLQ-C30 (version 3.0) is a reliable and valid questionnaire when applied to a sample of Spanish head and neck cancer patients. These results are in line with previous studies.Psycho-Oncology 04/2002; 11(3):249-56. DOI:10.1002/pon.555 · 4.04 Impact Factor