Article

PREVALENCE OF CYSTIC ECHINOCOCCOSIS IN SLAUGHTERED RUMINANTS IN DIFFERENT ABATTOIRS, UPPER EGYPT

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences 07/2013; 8(3):117-121. DOI: 10.3844/ajavsp.2013.117.121

ABSTRACT Hydatid disease is a re-emerging disease that infects human and animals world-wide. Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) is the most common form of the disease. In Egypt, CE is an endemic disease and several reports have indicated an increasing prevalence rate of the CE infection in animals and humans in the last few years. The aim of the current study is to determine the prevalence rate and other epidemiological factors in the infecting of ruminants with CE in different locations in Upper Egypt. The data gathered shows that of 4,498 animals examined, 89 (1.97%) had the hydatid cyst. Sheep were the most affected animal species (14.1%), then goats (13%), camels (5%) and cattle (0.068%), while buffaloes were free from infection. A higher percentage were affected in the liver (39.3%) than in the lungs (32.5%) and other viscera (2.2%), while 25.8% were affected in both the liver and the lungs The general fertility rate of cysts examined was 27.71%; cysts of camel origin were the most fertile (66.6%), followed by those of goats (29.41%) and sheep (15.51%); that of cattle was 0%. The current study provides current data about the status of CE infection in ruminants in Upper Egypt that will aid further studies and enable more precise planning for effective control strategies.

1 Bookmark
 · 
202 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of infection with hydatid cysts in sheep, goats, cattle and camels slaughtered at Baghdad Abattoir was recorded over a period of 18 months. The infection rates were generally lower than had been reported in previous surveys but remained high in camels. The lower prevalence rates were attributed to the destruction of stray dogs, improved standards of meat inspection and an overall improvements in socio-economic conditions. The fertility rate of the cysts was higher in camels than in sheep or goats. All the cattle cysts were sterile.
    Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 05/1980; 74(2):185-7. · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Hydatidosis/echinococcosis (Echinococcus granulosus, Batsch, 1786) is considered to be a serious problem for both public health and the livestock economy in Ethiopia. The present paper reviews and summarizes available data on the disease. Abattoir survey data collected over a period of 15 years (1985-1999) were analyzed to assess the infection prevalence of hydatidosis in domestic animals in three different agroecological zones of Ethiopia. Accordingly, 8036/22,863 (35.15%) cattle, 768/6518 (11.78%) sheep, 36/1753 (4.9%) goats, 70/417 (16.79%) camels and 0/150 (0%) pigs slaughtered in 21 different abattoirs located in various parts of the country were found harbouring hydatid cysts. A statistical discernible significant difference (p<0.001) was observed in the overall hydatidosis infection prevalence between the different species of animals, and in infection prevalence of bovine hydatidosis in the three agroecological zones where the slaughtered cattle were believed to originate from. Similarly, a statistically significant difference (p<0.01) in the prevalence of ovine hydatidosis was observed between mid-altitude and lowland agroecologies. Conversely, there was no significant difference (p>0.20) in the infection prevalence of caprine hydatidosis between mid-altitude and lowlands. The present study reconfirms that hydatid disease is widespread and highly prevalent in ruminant livestock in Ethiopia and warrants institution of a nation-wide control measures. Considerations on experiences of other countries with respect to the economic benefits that hydatid disease control programs may bring to livestock producers and combining such efforts with other zoonosis control schemes in view of the ‘one health’ initiative is worthy for animal health planners and policy decision-makers. The paper also serves as a quick reference source on hydatidosis in the country and basis for future studies.
    Ethiopian Veterinary Journa. 07/2011; 15:11-33.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report four cases who were referred to Mansoura University Teaching Hospital, Egypt suffering from abdominal pain and gastrointestinal manifestations. The patients' history was unremarkable, except that they had contact with dogs and live in rural communities. Laboratory findings showed peripheral blood eosinophilia, leucocytosis, and elevated liver enzymes. Serological tests were positive in three cases. Ultrasonography showed well-circumscribed cystic masses in the liver. Diagnosis of hydatid cysts was confirmed by computed tomography (CT). Surgical treatment along with chemotherapy was performed and all patients recovered well. The results of these cases support the notion that CT scan can led to increased clarity, regarding surgical management, because of discordance between radiographic and laboratory findings.
    Cases Journal 02/2009; 2(1):58.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
161 Downloads
Available from
May 31, 2014