County jail as a novel site for obstetrics and gynecology resident education

Journal of graduate medical education 09/2012; 4(3):346-50. DOI: 10.4300/JGME-D-11-00203.1
Source: PubMed


Obstetrics and gynecology residents benefit from providing care to diverse patient populations and increasing their awareness of the social determinants of health.
To describe and evaluate an outpatient rotation for obstetrics and gynecology residents at a county jail.
A comprehensive curriculum incorporating Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies was designed for all first-year residents to rotate weekly at the local county jail during their 6-week ambulatory care block. Residents completed an anonymous online evaluation and wrote a reflective essay at the end of the rotation. Data for patient visits were tabulated.
All 9 first-year residents completed the rotation and the evaluation. Seventy-eight percent of patient visits were for gynecologic services, predominantly family planning. Residents reported that the rotation overall was a positive experience, emphasizing the unique intersection between psychosocial issues and health care in the jail setting. Rotation objectives that satisfied the 6 ACGME competencies were met.
Providing care to incarcerated women through a structured curriculum is a novel way to encourage obstetrics and gynecology residents to consider the social determinants of health and for residents to cultivate their counseling skills. The rotation also included a wide breadth and depth of clinical diagnoses and procedures. Obstetrics and gynecology residency programs should consider a curriculum in reproductive health for incarcerated women.

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