The Violence Against Women Research and Evaluation Program at the National Institute of Justice
1National Institute of Justice (Retired), Bethesda, MD, USA.Violence Against Women (Impact Factor: 1.33). 06/2013; 19(6):687-712. DOI: 10.1177/1077801213494702
The Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA) mandated a number of research efforts that stimulated a dramatic enhancement to violence against women research supported by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). This article documents and provides a perspective on key components in the history, development, and accomplishments of the Violence Against Women (VAW) research and evaluation program of NIJ. The article is comprised of four key parts: (a) progress of the research program and how leadership, planning, and collaboration were the catalysts in instituting the program; (b) significant research issues confronted and managed, including measurement, evaluation rigor, and gender symmetry; (c) critical conflicts in the field, such as calls for greater attention to sexual assault and violence against minorities as well as resistance to research on perpetrators and male victims; and (d) possible research directions for the future and a concluding comment.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine if identification of intimate partner violence (IPV) has improved by caseworkers that investigate reports of child maltreatment and if mothers who are victims of IPV are more likely to report receipt of services. The study data were drawn from the two cohorts of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW I and II), the first in 1999-2000 with a sample of 5,501 children reported for maltreatment and the second in 2008-2009 with a sample of 5,872 children reported for maltreatment. The analyses focused on IPV victimization of 3,625 mothers in NSCAW I and 3,351 mothers in NSCAW II whose children remained in home after the maltreatment investigation. Multiple group logistic regression was used to compare NSCAW I and II. A significant decrease in mother-reported IPV victimization (28.9-24.7%) was observed, representing a 15% decline. There were no significant changes in caseworker identification of history of domestic violence or active domestic violence. In both cohorts, substance abuse by the secondary caregiver was associated with a lower likelihood for the caseworker to miss a history of active domestic violence, while substantiation reduced the likelihood that the caseworker will miss active domestic violence. There were no changes in caseworkers' service referral, or service receipt among victims. The next decade of efforts to reduce IPV and child maltreatment should focus simultaneously on increasing caseworkers' ability to identify IPV and on funding needed services for families impacted by IPV and child maltreatment.Child Abuse & Neglect 06/2014; 38(10). DOI:10.1016/j.chiabu.2014.05.013 · 2.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Purpose – There is a growing emphasis on the need to integrate research and practice in the fields of domestic and sexual violence. However, additional research is needed to identify strategies for key stakeholders to use to bridge research and practice in these areas. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach – The current study analyzed qualitative data collected during a statewide conference for researchers and practitioners whose work addresses domestic and/or sexual violence. Findings – The findings provide information about building effective researcher-practitioner collaborations, developing methodologically sound studies that address practice-relevant research questions, and identifying steps that funders, state coalitions, researchers, and practitioners can take to advance the integration of research and practice. Research limitations/implications – Additional research is needed to evaluate specific approaches to better integrating research and practice related to domestic and sexual violence. Practical implications – Researcher-practitioner collaborations offer numerous benefits to advancing research and practice related to domestic and sexual violence. Additional guidance and tangible support is needed to foster these collaborations. Originality/value – This study used data collected during an innovative conference that brought together researchers and practitioners. The data have implications for furthering the integration of research and practice related to domestic and sexual violence.Journal of Aggression 04/2015; 7(2):76-87. DOI:10.1108/JACPR-07-2014-0129
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ABSTRACT: This article describes a simple and powerful conceptual perspective and methodological approach to understanding aggression in family relationships and for developing violence prevention programs and helping victims: The core element is Dyadic Concordance Types (DCTs). Because of the importance of gender in such relationships, the DCTs used for this article identify Female-Only, Male-Only, and Both perpetrated aggression, plus a reference category of Neither. Evidence from more than 30 nations is summarized on the percent of couples in each of the DCTs for physical assault and other types of aggression. It indicates that across all nations, sample types, and gender of respondent, about half of couples in which there was violence or other abusive behavior, it was bi-directional, about one quarter were Female-Only perpetrator and one quarter Male-Only perpetrator. These results are consistent with the pattern found by 80 other studies. DCTs have also been used for research on aggressive behaviors in other family relationships, including parent-child and sibling relationships. Research shows that each DCT tends to have unique characteristics and consequences. The Discussion suggests that identifying DCTs can help understand the effects of partner violence, theories on these issues, services for victims and offenders, and provide a more scientifically complete basis for prevention of intra-family aggression. Taking into account the DCTs of the cases at hand should be the default starting point for research and practice concerned with intra-family aggression.Aggression and Violent Behavior 05/2015; 24. DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2015.04.011 · 1.95 Impact Factor
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