Tunnel widening after anatomic double-bundle and mid-position single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin Luther Hospital, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: .
Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.1). 09/2013; 29(9):1514-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2013.06.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of postoperative bone tunnel enlargement after anatomic double-bundle (DB) and single-bundle (SB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction 6 to 8 months after surgery.
Twenty-one consecutive patients undergoing anatomic 4-tunnel DB ACL reconstruction and 24 patients undergoing anatomic 2-tunnel SB ACL reconstruction were included in this study. In both groups a hybrid fixation technique with interference screw and extracortical fixation at the tibia and an extracortical fixation technique at the femur were used. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed on the second postoperative day and at a mean of 8 months' follow-up (range, 6.8 to 8.3 months) to assess intraoperative and postoperative bone tunnel enlargement. Tunnel widening was determined in different planes by digitally measuring the diameters of the bone tunnels. Tunnel position was measured and classified according to Harner et al. (femoral) and Stäubli et al. and Petersen et al. (tibial).
Magnetic resonance imaging showed that all bone tunnels were anatomically placed within the area of the original ACL insertion zone. Compared with the intraoperative drill diameter, we observed only a slight increase in tunnel diameter in both groups on the second postoperative day. At 8 months postoperatively, significant bone tunnel widening occurred in all bone tunnels (P < .001). However, no significant differences were found between tunnel enlargement in the DB group and tunnel enlargement in the SB group (P > .05), either on the tibial side or on the femoral side. In 2 cases tibial tunnel communication was noted at follow-up.
With the use of anatomic SB and DB ACL reconstruction techniques, the results of bone tunnel enlargement were comparable; no significant difference was observed between the tibial and femoral tunnels.
Level III, prospective comparative study.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate changes in femoral tunnel diameter, dimension, and volume after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with notchplasty. Porcine knee specimens were divided into 2 groups of 10 specimens each. Group A did not receive notchplasty. A 2-mm notchplasty was conducted in group B. Seven-millimeter-diameter femoral tunnels were drilled and a doubled flexor digitorum profundus tendon was inserted and fixed with an EndoButton (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA) in each knee specimen. Samples were mounted on a materials testing machine. Each group was preloaded at 10 N and subjected to 20 loading cycles (between 0 and 40 N), followed by 1,000 loading cycles in the elastic region (between 10 and 150 N). High-resolution computed tomography with 1.0-mm slices was conducted with all samples before and after testing. A 3-dimensional model was constructed to evaluate the degree of the tunnel change. In group B the mean longest diameter and dimension of the femoral tunnel significantly increased after the test (P = .005 and P = .001, respectively). The volumetric loss of bony structure after the test in group B was significantly greater than that in group A (P = .039). Meanwhile, no significant difference was found before and after the test in terms of tunnel diameter, dimension, and volumetric loss around the tunnel in group A. The intra-articular orifice of the femoral tunnel was enlarged after the uniaxial cyclic loading test after notchplasty. An enlarged tunnel orifice may lead to a discrepancy between the tunnel and the graft at the tunnel aperture. The data may have an implication that suspensory fixation with a notchplasty has a negative effect on the full graft accommodation at the tunnel aperture. Aperture widening may affect graft positioning, leading to subtle changes in graft biomechanics and laxity.
    Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 04/2014; · 3.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interference screw fixation is a standard procedure in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) replacement. Aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation process of Poly-D-L-lactide (PDLLA) interference screws used for tibial ACL graft fixation.
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 06/2014; 134(8). · 1.31 Impact Factor


Available from
May 23, 2014