Article

Surgical therapy of thyroid cancer.

Department of General Surgery,PUMC Hospital,CAMS and PUMC,Beijing 100730,China.
Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 08/2013; 35(4):373-7. DOI: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2013.04.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The prevalence of thyroid cancer has shown an upward trend in China in recent years.Advances in thyroid ultrasound and fine needle puncture cytology have improved the accuracy of the preoperative diagnosis of thyroid cancer.Also,the application of endoscopy-assisted techniques and intraoperative nerve monitoring technology and the further understanding of thyroid lymph node metastasis have made the thyroid surgeries safer and less invasive.This article summarizes the recent advances in the surgical therapy of thyroid cancer.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
37 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Primary malignant lymphoma of the thyroid accounts for <5% of all thyroid malignancies and is primarily treated with chemotherapy and external beam radiation. With the advent of modern immunophenotypic analyses, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) can potentially obviate the need for surgical procedures. To investigate the utility of FNA, data from 23 consecutive patients with primary malignant thyroid lymphoma evaluated at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from July 1985 to April 2000 were analyzed. Patients were categorized into two groups: those diagnosed before 1993 (group 1, n = 12) and those diagnosed after 1993 (group 2, n = 11). Although patients in group 1 were slightly older, there were no other differences between the groups with regard to sex, tumor grade, or tumor stage. Although no patient in group 1 was successfully diagnosed by FNA alone, seven patients (63%) in group 2 were diagnosed solely by FNA (P =.019, chi(2) analysis). Therefore, all 12 patients in group 1, but only 4 of 11 patients in group 2, required open surgical biopsy. Primary thyroid lymphoma is an uncommon malignancy usually treated nonsurgically once the diagnosis is established. In most patients with malignant lymphoma of the thyroid, FNA, should obviate the need for open surgical biopsy.
    Annals of Surgical Oncology 05/2002; 9(3):298-302. · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Die Lungenfibrose zählt mit einer Häufigkeit von 1-10% zu den seltenen Spätfolgen der Radioiodtherapie differenzierter Schilddrüsenkarzinome . Wir untersuchten 74 weißrussische Kinder und Jugendliche (16,4 ± 2,2 Jahre), die infolge des Reaktorunfalls von Tschernobyl an einem differenzierten Schilddrüsenkarzinom erkrankten und bei denen nach Thyreoidektomie in der Klinik für Nuklearmedizin der Universität Würzburg die Radioiodtherapie erfolgte. Eine Chemotherapie, Radiatio oder Radiochemotherapie war in keinem der Fälle durchgeführt worden. Das Ziel dieser Arbeit bestand darin zu untersuchen, ob es mit zunehmender Anzahl an Radioiodtherapiezyklen bzw. 131-I-Gesamtaktivität [GBq] zu im Thorax-CT nachweisbaren Veränderungen im Sinne einer Lungenfibrose und damit einhergehend zu Defiziten der Lungenfunktion (Inspiratorische Vitalkapazität -IVC- Totale Lungenkapazität -TLC-, Einsekundenkapazität -FEV1-, Diffusionskapazität -KCOc-) und des pulmonalen Gasaustausches unter Belastung (Sauerstoffsättigungsabfall -SPO2-, Maximale Sauerstoffaufnahme -VO2max-, Alveolo-arterielle Sauerstoffpartialdruckdifferenz -AaDO2-) kommt. Dabei wurden Patienten mit und ohne Lungenmetastasen gemeinsam und separat voneinander betrachtet. Dabei war mit zunehmender Anzahl an 131-I-Therapien bzw. mit steigender 131-I-Gesamtaktivität eine signifikante Häufigkeitszunahme fibrotischer Veränderungen im Thorax-CT erkennbar (p = 0,0354), der Parameter FEV1 fiel signifikant ab (p = 0,031), bei Patienten mit Lungenmetastasen zeigten sich signifikante Rückgänge von IVC (p = 0,046) und KCOc (p = 0,02). Bei den Parametern des pulmonalen Gasaustausches unter Belastung fanden wir keine signifikanten Veränderungen mit steigender Therapieanzahl bzw. 131-I-Gesamtaktivität. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen, dass sich bei Patienten mit Schilddrüsenkarzinom in Abhängigkeit von der Anzahl an Radioiodtherapiezyklen bzw. der Höhe der 131-I-Gesamtaktivität fibrotische Veränderungen der Lunge bis hin zur manifesten Lungenfibrose entwickeln können. Dabei scheint das Vorhandensein von Lungenmetastasen ein besonderes Risiko darzustellen. Lung fibrosis is a rare complication of radioiodine treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (1-10%). The objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between the number of radioiodine treatments and cumulative radioiodine activity [GBq], respectively depending on the lung fibrosis by computerized tomography scans of the chest (CT), lung function tests (Inspiratoric vital capacity -IVC-, Total lung capacity -TLC-, Forced exspiratory volume -FEV1-, Diffusion capacity -KCOc-) and ergometric cycling tests (Oxygen uptake -VO2-, Oxygen saturation -SPO2-), Alveolar-arterial oxygen concentration gradient -AaDO2-) . In total, 74 belorussian children and adolescents (mean age 16,4 ± 2,2 years) with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were studied. Radioiodine treatment was received by these patients in the department of nuclearmedicine of Julius-Maximilians-Universitiy, Wuerzburg. In all cases no chemotherapy, radio therapy or radio-chemotherapy was provided. Patients were analysed together and separately regarding the factor of pulmonary metastases existance. Lung fibroses in the CT of the chest were significantly higher with an increased number of radioiodine treatments or cumulative radioiodine activities (p = 0,0354). In all patients there was a significant decrease in FEV1 (p = 0,031), in patients with metastases in the lung was a significant decrease in IVC (p = 0,046) and KCOc (p = 0,02) with an increased number of radioiodine treatments or cumulative radioiodine activities. Regarding the parameters of pulmonary gas exchange under stress no significant changes could be found with increasing therapy quantities or cumulative radioiodine activity, respectively. Our results show that patients with thyroid carcinoma could develop fibrotic changes of the lung up to the point of apparent pulmonary fibrosis depending on the number of radioiodine therapy cycles or the strength of the cumulative radioiodine activity, respectively. The existence of lung metastases seems to constitute a particular risk factor.
  • Source
    Acta Medica Saliniana 01/2012; 41(1):33-38.