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The effects of experimental administration of low doses of zearalenone on the histology of ovaries in pre-pubertal bitches

Department of Veterinary Prevention and Feed Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 13/29, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland.
Polish journal of veterinary sciences (Impact Factor: 0.71). 01/2013; 16(2):313-22. DOI: 10.2478/pjvs-2013-0043
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The experiment involved 30 clinically healthy Beagle bitches aged approximately 70 days with an initial body weight of approximately 8 kg. The animals were randomly divided into two experimental groups (EI and EII) and a control group of 10 animals each. Group EI was administered 50 microg of body weight zearalenone/kg per os for 42 days, group EII received 75 microg of body weight zearalenone/kg per os for 42 days, and the control group was administered placeboper os for 42 days. The bitches were ovariectomized at the end of the treatment period for anatomopathological examination. At the same time, peripheral blood samples were collected for endocrinological analyses (17beta-estradiol and progesterone). Administartion of zearalenone particularly higher doses, resulted in the hyperestrogenism degeneration and atrophy of ovarian cells and tissues with accompanying edema and blood extravasation, leading to increased 17beta-estradiol concentrations and an insignificant decrease in progesterone levels.

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    ABSTRACT: The experiment involved 30 clinically healthy female Beagle dogs aged approximately 70 days with estimated initial body weight (BW) of 8 kg. The animals were randomly divided into two experimental groups (EI and EII) and a control group of 10 animals each. Group EI was intoxicated with 50 μg zearalenone/kg BW per os for 42 days, group EII received 75 μg zearalenone/kg BW per os for 42 days, and the control group was administered placebo per os for 42 days. The animals were weighed, and blood samples for analyses of the concentrations of zearalenone, its metabolites, progesterone and 17β-estradiol were collected seven times at seven-day intervals, one hour after mycotoxin administration. Biotransformation of zearalenone was observed in all groups throughout the experiment, and the highest percentage share of α-zearalenol was reported in group EII on the last five sampling dates (0.637-0.788 ng/ml, i.e. percentage share of 57.96-73.64%). The above had a significant influence on the non-physiological concentrations of progesterone and 17β-estradiol in both experimental (E) groups throughout the experiment. The lowest progesterone levels (0.131 ng/ml) were observed in group EII during the last test, and high concentrations of 17β-estradiol were found in group EII on the last two sampling dates (17.434 and 21.581 ng/ml, respectively) in comparison with control. Inhibited proliferation, manifested by a slower rate of body weight gain, was observed on the last but one day of zearalenone administration in both experimental groups. Our results indicate that NOAEL doses have stimulating/adaptive effects, whereas doses above NOAEL values suggest that even very low zearalenone doses can act as endocrine disruptors with regard to progesterone and 17β-estradiol.
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