Photophysical characterizations of 2-(4-biphenylyl)-5 phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole in restricted geometry

Department of Physics, Tripura University, Suryamaninagar-799130, Tripura, India
Journal of Luminescence (Impact Factor: 2.37). 01/2008; DOI: 10.1016/j.jlumin.2007.05.001
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT Langmuir and Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) films of non-amphiphilic 2-(4-Biphenylyl)-5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole (abbreviated as PBD) mixed with stearic acid (SA) as well as with the inert polymer matrix poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been studied. Surface pressure versus area per molecule (π–A) isotherm studies suggest that PBD molecules very likely stand vertically on the air–water interface and this arrangement allows the PBD molecules to form stacks and remain sandwiched between SA/PMMA molecules. At lower surface pressure, phase separation between PBD and matrix molecules occurs due to repulsive interaction. However, at higher surface pressure, PBD molecules form aggregates. The UV–vis absorption and steady-state fluorescence spectroscopic studies of the mixed LB films of PBD reveal the nature of the aggregates. H-type aggregate predominates in the mixed LB films, whereas I-type aggregate predominates in the PBD-PMMA spin-coated films. The degree of deformation produced in the electronic levels are largely affected by the film thickness and the surface pressure of lifting.

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