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Salud Bucal en los Adultos Mayores y su Impacto en la Calidad de Vida

Publisher: Instituto de Geriatría, pp.402
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to collect information about the oral health of a representative group of elders in the New England states. This study provides the most current descriptive analysis of completely edentulous noninstitutionalized elders to date. In-home examinations and interviews were conducted for a representative sample of elders over 70 years of age. The oral examinations and interviews were conducted by calibrated dentists and trained interviewers, respectively. Of 1156 study participants, 424 (36.7%) were edentulous. Edentulous rates were similar for men and women and were negatively related to levels of education and income. Of the completely edentulous individuals, 89.9% had maxillary and mandibular complete dentures. Most of these dentures (83.2%) were worn during the day. More than one third of the respondents reported wearing one or both of their dentures while sleeping at night. For 77 of the completely edentulous individuals, examination revealed denture irritations, most of which were on the hard palate.
    Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 10/1996; 76(3):260-6. · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In Canada, national health surveys do not usually include questions pertaining to self-perceived oral health. Those that do use ad hoc sets of questions rather than standardized and validated measures of the functional and psychosocial impacts of oral disorders. To collect national data on the impacts of oral disorders from a representative sample of Canadian adults and to compare the results with similar national surveys conducted in the United Kingdom and Australia. Data were collected from adults by means of a telephone interview survey based on random-digit dialing. Oral health was measured with the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (also known as the OHIP-14 questionnaire), which asks about the frequency of 14 functional and psychosocial impacts that people have experienced in the previous year as a result of problems with their teeth, mouth or dentures. Of 3,033 interviews conducted, data were sufficient for analysis for 3,019 respondents. Just under one-fifth of the 3,019 respondents (19.5%) reported 1 or more of the 14 impacts "fairly often" or "very often" in the previous year. The prevalence was higher among edentulous respondents (30.7%) than among dentate respondents(18.6%), as were the extent and severity scores. The prevalence of impacts was lowest in Atlantic Canada (16.1%) and highest in the Prairies (23.3%), although the difference was not statistically significant. Prevalence rates and extent and severity scores were highest among those who wore dentures, recipients of public dental care and irregular dental visitors. Considerable income disparities were also observed, with 34.9% of those from the lowest-income households reporting impacts. The prevalence of effects and the extent and severity scores in Canada were similar to those reported from the United Kingdom and Australia. One in 5 Canadian adults experienced adverse impacts from oral disorders. Further work is needed to identify the material and psychological determinants of these impacts.
    Journal (Canadian Dental Association) 10/2009; 75(7):521. · 0.62 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess two Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHQoL) measures and the levels of oral impacts among 14-year-old students in Yangon Division, Myanmar. Cross-sectional validation study. Setting High schools in Yangon Division. A multi-stage stratified random cluster sample of 543 students. Prevalence, extent (number of impacts) and total score as recorded using the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) and the short form of the Oral Heath Impact Profile (OHIP-14). Psychometric measures of validity and reliability. 15.8% and 53.0% of participants had an impact using OIDP and OHIP-14 respectively. The extents and total scores were low among those with impacts. Both measures had good reliability (Cronbach's alpha 0.72 for OIDP and 0.86 for OHIP-14). The presence of dental caries was associated with summary measures of OHIP-14 but not with OIDP. The most frequent cause of impact was dental caries. Both OIDP and OHIP-14 had reasonable reliability but OHIP-14 had superior construct validity. OHIP-14 appears to be more useful as an instrument to discriminate between groups with and without impacts in population surveys.
    Community dental health 01/2005; 21(4):306-11. · 0.93 Impact Factor

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