Serologic detection of antibodies to Brucella spp. using a commercial ELISA in cattle in Grenada, West Indies

Pathobiology Academic Program, School of Veterinary Medicine, P.O Box 7, St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada, West Indies.
Tropical biomedicine (Impact Factor: 0.85). 06/2013; 30(2):277-80.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Bovine brucellosis, caused mainly by Brucella abortus, a zoonotic bacterium, has been reported from many areas of the world, including Central and South America, and the Caribbean island state of Trinidad and Tobago. Although brucellosis has been eradicated from domestic cattle in Canada it still exists in one or two herds in the United States. Serological tests are important in estimating prevalence of Brucella exposure in order to target eradication programmes. In this study, serum samples from 150 cattle were tested using a commercial competitive enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (SVANOVIR®Brucella-Ab C-ELISA) which detects antibodies to both B. abortus and Brucella melitensis. All cattle tested were greater than 6 months old and were unvaccinated. Sampled cattle were from 35 herds representing animals from all 6 parishes of Grenada. Nine of the 150 animals (6%) were positive for antibodies to B. abortus and/or melitensis by the C-ELISA. Of the 35 herds, 7 (20%) had C-ELISA- positive animals. Three of the 6 parishes contained positive herds. Based on the high sensitivity (98%) and specificity (99.7%) of the C-ELISA, these results strongly indicate the presence of cattle exposed to B. abortus and/or melitensis in Grenada.

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