The perspective of psychosocial support a decade after bam earthquake: achievements and challenges.

Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran 1985713834, Iran.
The Psychiatric clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.87). 09/2013; 36(3):385-402. DOI: 10.1016/j.psc.2013.05.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The 2003 Bam earthquake was one of the most catastrophic disasters to have struck Iran. This article summarizes the short-term and long-term psychological, social, and economic impacts of the Bam earthquake on survivors across a decade since its occurrence. Identification and definition of capability as well as recognizing the nature and extent of personal and social capabilities in a community are priceless in preventing disasters and reducing their consequent destruction.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: No national data on the prevalence of mental disorders are available in Iran. Such information may be a prerequisite for efficient national mental health intervention. To determine the mental health status of a population sample aged 15 years and over. Through random cluster sampling, 35 014 individuals were selected and evaluated using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire. A complementary semi-structured clinical interview was also undertaken to detect learning disability ('mental retardation'), epilepsy and psychosis. About a fifth of the people in the study (25.9% of the women and 14.9% of the men) were detected as likely cases. The prevalence of mental disorders was 21.3% in rural areas and 20.9% in urban areas. Depression and anxiety symptoms were more prevalent than somatisation and social dysfunction. The interview of families by general practitioners revealed that the rates of learning disability, epilepsy and psychosis were 1.4%, 1.2% and 0.6%, respectively. Prevalence increased with age and was higher in the married, widowed, divorced, unemployed and retired people. Prevalence rates are comparable with international studies. There is a wide regional difference in the country, and women are at greater risk.
    The British Journal of Psychiatry 02/2004; 184:70-3. DOI:10.1192/bjp.184.1.70 · 7.34 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: On September 21, 1999, at 1:47 a.m., an earthquake measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale struck the middle Chi-Chi region of Taiwan. The present study examines the response of the public health sector to the earthquake. A community needs assessment using modified cluster sampling was performed in shelters of Nantou and Taichung Counties five days after the earthquake struck. Twenty-five temporary medical service systems (TMSSs) conducted surveillance for selected diseases and mortality within one week post-earthquake aided by a buddy system that allowed unaffected counties to provide support to affected counties. The number of cases of acute respiratory infections and acute gastroenteritis in the affected area was higher than that of neighboring unaffected counties in the post-earthquake phase (p<0.001). Earthquake-related deaths were estimated at 2,347 deaths (death rate 116 per 100,000 population); the mean age of the decedents was 49.7 years. No significant difference was observed between males (120/100,000) and females (110/100,000) (risk ratio [RR]=1.09; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.84, 1.42; p>0.05). The age-adjusted mortality rate was significantly higher in 1999 (odds ratio [OR]=2.11; 95% CI 1.99, 2.24) than in a comparable period in 1998. Emergency preparedness must be based on carefully conceived priorities, information, and communications, and improved capabilities must be developed to rapidly implement an emergency public health network. The emergency response to this event-consisting of TMSSs, a buddy system, and a communication system-should be considered in planning for future disaster events in Taiwan.
    Public Health Reports 11/2003; 118(6):493-9. DOI:10.1016/S0033-3549(04)50285-6 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The federal Crisis Counseling Program (CCP) funds states' delivery of mental health services after disasters. These services are provided by social workers, other mental health professionals, and paraprofessionals from the local community. The present study examined whether CCP grant recipients that reported more tailoring of their interventions to the needs of diverse community segments achieved greater community penetration. The study reviewed archival records from 36 crisis counseling projects ending between 1996 and 2001. Numbers of clients and client ethnicity were determined through service logs. Tailoring ofservices was determined by content coding of projects' reports. Community demographics were determined from census data. Fifty-six percent of the projects reported using three or more tailoring strategies, suggesting a "precompetence" or greater stage of cultural competence. The proportion of members of racial or ethnic minority groups among program clients closely matched the proportion in grantees' communities. Projects that reported more types of tailored activities reached more clients and served more members ofminority groups. These findings confirm that adapting crisis counseling services to diverse local needs is associated with greater community penetration of mental health services.
    Health & social work 08/2010; 35(3):211-20. DOI:10.1093/hsw/35.3.211 · 0.94 Impact Factor