Reproducibility of Speckle-Tracking-Based Strain Measures of Left Ventricular Function in a Community-Based Study.
ABSTRACT The reproducibility of echocardiographic measurements of myocardial strain, performed in a community-based setting, has not been reported previously.
The reproducibility of left ventricular strain measurements was examined in two samples of 20 participants each from the Offspring Cohort of the Framingham Heart Study (mean age, 63 ± 9 years; 59% women). Two-dimensional speckle-tracking-based measurements of global peak left ventricular strain in systole were performed in the apical four-chamber, apical two-chamber, and midventricular parasternal short-axis views.
Interobserver intraclass correlation coefficients were ≥0.84 for all global strain measurements, with average coefficients of variation of ≤4% for global longitudinal and circumferential strain and <8% for global transverse and radial strain. For left ventricular strain measurements performed in each of the three views, intraobserver intraclass correlation coefficients were ≥0.91 among time points spanning a total 8-month period. The average coefficients of variation were <6% for global longitudinal and circumferential strain and <9% for global transverse and radial strain. Interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility findings were similar in analyses adjusting for frame rate.
Excellent reproducibility of global longitudinal and circumferential strain measurements and very good reproducibility of global transverse and radial strain measurements were observed. Taken together, these findings demonstrate the reproducibility of performing echocardiographic strain measurements in a large, epidemiologic community-based setting.
- Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 05/2014; 27(5):489-92. DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2014.03.008 · 3.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Left atrial (LA) structural and functional abnormalities are vital steps on the pathway toward heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in asymptomatic patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of LA function, particularly reservoir function, with LA structural remodeling related to the left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in asymptomatic patients with hypertension (HT) using conventional, tissue Doppler, and 2-D speckle-tracking echocardiography. Fifty age-matched healthy individuals and 140 patients with HT, including 75 with LA volume index (LAVI) < 29 ml/m(2) (normal LA group) and 65 with LAVI ≥ 29 ml/m(2) (large LA group), were enrolled. We defined peak early diastolic transmitral flow velocity/peak early diastolic mitral annular motion velocity (E/e')/peak systolic LA strain (S-LAs) as LA diastolic stiffness. The LV mass index, relative LV wall thickness, peak atrial systolic transmitral flow velocity, LA total, active, and passive emptying volume indexes, and E/e'/S-LAs were greatest, and S-LAs, peak early diastolic LA strain, peak systolic LV longitudinal strain and circumferential strain rate, and peak early diastolic LV radial strain rate were lower in the large LA group compared with control and/or normal LA group. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that aging, LA remodeling, and LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction are defined as strong predictors related to increased LA diastolic stiffness in the large LA group. HT alters LA dynamics significantly, with resultant increased LA volume and diastolic stiffness related to LV diastolic and systolic dysfunction, even in asymptomatic patients. Earlier treatment with reninangiotensin system inhibitors may improve abnormal LA-LV interaction in this patient population.Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 07/2014; 37(2):1-11. DOI:10.3109/10641963.2014.933962 · 1.46 Impact Factor
- Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 09/2014; 27(9):911-39. DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2014.07.012 · 3.99 Impact Factor