Simultaneous digital quantification and fluorescence-based size characterization of massively parallel sequencing libraries.
ABSTRACT Due to the high cost of failed runs and suboptimal data yields, quantification and determination of fragment size range are crucial steps in the library preparation process for massively parallel sequencing (or next-generation sequencing). Current library quality control methods commonly involve quantification using real-time quantitative PCR and size determination using gel or capillary electrophoresis. These methods are laborious and subject to a number of significant limitations that can make library calibration unreliable. Herein, we propose and test an alternative method for quality control of sequencing libraries using droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). By exploiting a correlation we have discovered between droplet fluorescence and amplicon size, we achieve the joint quantification and size determination of target DNA with a single ddPCR assay. We demonstrate the accuracy and precision of applying this method to the preparation of sequencing libraries.
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ABSTRACT: Current efforts to recover the Neandertal and mammoth genomes by 454 DNA sequencing demonstrate the sensitivity of this technology. However, routine 454 sequencing applications still require microgram quantities of initial material. This is due to a lack of effective methods for quantifying 454 sequencing libraries, necessitating expensive and labour-intensive procedures when sequencing ancient DNA and other poor DNA samples. Here we report a 454 sequencing library quantification method based on quantitative PCR that effectively eliminates these limitations. We estimated both the molecule numbers and the fragment size distributions in sequencing libraries derived from Neandertal DNA extracts, SAGE ditags and bonobo genomic DNA, obtaining optimal sequencing yields without performing any titration runs. Using this method, 454 sequencing can routinely be performed from as little as 50 pg of initial material without titration runs, thereby drastically reducing costs while increasing the scope of sample throughput and protocol development on the 454 platform. The method should also apply to Illumina/Solexa and ABI/SOLiD sequencing, and should therefore help to widen the accessibility of all three platforms.Nucleic Acids Research 02/2008; 36(1):e5. · 8.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have developed and genotyped >15,000 SNP assays by using a primer extension genotyping assay with fluorescence polarization (FP) detection. Although the 80% success rate of this assay is similar to those of other SNP genotyping assays, we wanted to determine the reasons for the failures and find ways to improve the assay. We observed that the failed assays fell into three general patterns: PCR failure, excess of heterozygous genotypes, and loss of FP signal for one of the dye labels. After analyzing several hundred failed assays, we concluded that 5% of the assays had PCR failure and had to be redesigned. We also discovered that the other two categories of failures were due to misincorporation of one of the dye-terminators during the primer extension reaction as a result of primer shortening with a reverse reaction involving inorganic pyrophosphate, and to the quenching of R110-terminator after its incorporation onto the SNP primer. The relatively slow incorporation of R110 acycloterminators by AcycloPol compounds the problem with the R110 label. In this report, we describe the source of the problems and simple ways to correct these problems by adding pyrophosphatase, using quenching as part of the analysis, and replacing R110 by Texas red as one of the dye labels. With this new protocol, we have achieved approximately 95% success rate in assay development without the need for optimization.Genome Research 10/2004; 14(9):1749-55. · 14.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: When several DNAs are amplified by PCR in one PCR tube, biased amplification is known to occur because amplification efficiency differs from one DNA to another. Therefore, we conducted PCR in the water in oil-emulsion (W/O emulsion) to examine whether the procedure allows the uniform amplification of several DNAs. In the amplification of a model library consisting of two clones, the emulsification of the PCR mixture successfully reduced the difference in its amplification efficiency to approximately one-seventh the value obtained without emulsification. Furthermore, we conducted repeated PCR to amplify a model library consisting of ten short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression vectors as a model experiment for gene discovery using an shRNA expression library. Consequently, the emulsification of the PCR mixture successfully reduced PCR bias. Our results indicate that emulsion PCR is capable of uniformly amplifying libraries of shRNA, ribozyme, cDNA, and others, and is useful also for gene discovery using these libraries.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2007; 352(2):323-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor