Article

A Case Series of Five Sri Lankan Patients with Ovotesticular Disorder of Sex Development

Human Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology 10/2012; 21(4):69-73. DOI: 10.1297/cpe.21.69
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ovotesticular disorder of sex development (OT-DSD) is a rare disorder of sexual differentiation in which the gonads of an individual are characterized by the presence of both mature ovarian and testicular tissues. The objective of this paper is to report the clinical, cytogenetic and histopathological findings in Sri Lankan patients diagnosed with OT-DSD who were referred to the Human Genetics Unit for cytogenetic evaluation during 2005 to 2011. Five patients had histopathologically confirmed OT-DSD. Their ages at presentation ranged from 2 mo to 47 yr. Clinical symptoms varied from ambiguous genitalia and inguinal hernias at birth to a lower abdominal mass presenting in adulthood. All 5 were reared as phenotypic males. An ovotestis was detected in all cases except one, and the predominant karyotype was 46,XY. The findings in this series of predominantly 46,XY karyotype are in contrast to previously published reports that have reported 46,XX as being the predominant karyotype. It is therefore recommended that individuals with ambiguous genitalia who have the 46,XY karyotype should be thoroughly investigated by ultrasonographic or laparoscopic assessment to determine the exact nature of their internal genital organs. OT-DSD should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with cryptorchidism and inguinal hernia.

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Available from: Nirmala Dushyanthi Sirisena, Mar 09, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: An ovotesticular disorder of sex development (OT-DSD) was rarely found in human. The mechanism causing such condition is poorly understood. We hereby reported a 11-year-old child with OT-DSD and a karyotype 46,XX/46,XY,a single maternal and double paternal genetic contribution to the patient. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), blood grouping, HLA (human leukocyte antigen) haplotyping and a genome-wide scanning of lymphocytes with 398 short tandem repeat microsatellite markers were performed to investigate the origin of the cell lines concerned. ABO typing revealed that two populations of red cells were in the patient, which were group A and group B, both from paternal alleles. HLA haplotyping showed the patient had three haplotypes. Haplotype 1 was inherited from maternity, haplotype 2 and 3 were from paternity. The STR microsatellite analysis showed 25 of the 74 fully informative markers in both parents, three alleles were inherited: one of them was from mother, another two were from father. Seventeen of the thirty-eight paternal markers, the patient inherited two paternal alleles. For 121 informative maternal markers, the patient had a single maternal allele. There were two distinct alleles in locus DXS6810 and DXS1073 on X-chromosome, in which one was from the mother and the other from the father. The patient was a single maternal and double paternal genetic, which was a type of a parthenogenetic division of a maternal haploid nucleus into two identical nuclei, followed by fertilization by two spermatozoa and fusion of the two zygotes into a single individual at the early embryonic stage. To the best of our knowledge, this is the oldest OT-DSD case of parthenogenetic chimerism. These data provide additional evidence that a parthenogenetic maternal and double paternal contribution causes 46,XX/46,XY OT-DSD.
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