Effects of yoga exercise on salivary beta-defensin 2.

Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, 2-579-15 Mikajima, Tokorozawa, Saitama, 359-1192, Japan, .
Arbeitsphysiologie (Impact Factor: 2.3). 08/2013; 113(10). DOI: 10.1007/s00421-013-2703-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Yoga stretching can be done comfortably and easily by beginners and older adults to compensate for lack of exercise or poor health maintenance. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of yoga stretching on mucosal immune functions, primarily human β-defensin 2 (HBD-2) in saliva.
Fifteen healthy adults (age, 60.4 ± 8.0 years) participated in the study. Participants rested for 90 min on the first day and performed yoga for 90 min on the second day. Measurements were carried out before and after rest or yoga. Saliva samples were collected by chewing a sterile cotton at a frequency of 60 cycles per min. Salivary HBD-2 concentration was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
HBD-2 concentration after yoga stretching (165.4 ± 127.1 pg/mL) was significantly higher than that before yoga stretching (84.1 ± 63.4 pg/mL; p < 0.01). HBD-2 expression rate after yoga stretching (232.8 ± 192.9 pg/min) was significantly higher than that before yoga stretching (110.7 ± 96.8 pg/min; p < 0.01). HBD-2 concentration (p < 0.05) and HBD-2 expression rate (p < 0.01) at post on the second day (yoga) was significantly higher than that on the first day (rest). POMS score of anger-hostility was lower after yoga than before.
Yoga stretching for 90 min can increase salivary HBD-2 expression in older adults. Therefore, yoga stretching might be useful for older adults and athletes to maintain their health.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The traditional role of IgA antibodies in mucosal defense has been considered as providing an immune barrier to keep exogenous substances, including microbial pathogens, from penetrating the mucosa. In this way infections can be prevented. More recently, studies in vitro and in vivo are providing evidence to suggest that IgA may have additional roles in mucosal defense. For example, during their passage through the lining epithelial cells of mucous membranes en route to the secretions, IgA antibodies may have an opportunity to neutralize intracellular pathogens like viruses. Also, IgA antibodies in the mucosal lamina propria have opportunities to complex with antigens and excrete them through the adjacent mucosal epithelium, again by the same route to the secretions that is taken by free IgA. These latter functions could aid in recovery from infection.
    Apmis 05/1995; 103(4):241-6. · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The production of natural antibiotic peptides has emerged as an important mechanism of innate immunity in plants and animals. Defensins are diverse members of a large family of antimicrobial peptides, contributing to the antimicrobial action of granulocytes, mucosal host defence in the small intestine and epithelial host defence in the skin and elsewhere. This review, inspired by a spate of recent studies of defensins in human diseases and animal models, focuses on the biological function of defensins.
    Nature reviews. Immunology 10/2003; 3(9):710-20. DOI:10.1038/nri1180 · 33.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to examine whether amount of oral antimicrobial components, human β-defensin-2 (HBD-2), cathelicidin (LL-37), and immunoglobulin A (IgA), might be affected by prolonged strenuous exercise. Ten young male volunteers either exercised on recumbent ergometer at 75% [Formula: see text] for 60 min (exercise session) or sat quietly (resting session). Saliva samples were obtained at 60-min intervals during sessions for measurements of saliva antimicrobial components (HBD-2, LL-37, and IgA), saliva cortisol and osmolality. Saliva flow rate was decreased and saliva osmolality was increased during the 60-min exercise. Saliva HBD-2 and LL-37 concentrations and secretion rates were increased during and after the exercise, whereas saliva IgA concentration and secretion rates were decreased after the exercise. Saliva cortisol was increased during and after the exercise. The areas under the curve of the time courses of saliva levels of HBD-2 and LL-37 were negatively correlated with those of cortisol levels in saliva. The present findings suggested that a single bout of prolonged strenuous exercise caused a transient increase in the oral HBD-2 and LL-37 levels.
    Arbeitsphysiologie 09/2011; 111(9):2005-14. DOI:10.1007/s00421-011-1830-6 · 2.30 Impact Factor


Available from
Aug 4, 2014