Optimization of a bioactive exopolysaccharide production from endophytic Fusarium solani SD5.
ABSTRACT Endophytic fungi were less investigated for exopolysaccharide production. In this study endophytic Fusarium solani SD5 was used for optimization of exopolysaccharide production. One variable at a time method and response surface methodology were employed to explore the optimum medium compositions and fermentation conditions. The organism produced maximum exopolysaccharide after 13.68 days of incubation at 28°C in potato dextrose broth supplemented with (g%/l) glucose, 9.8; yeast extract, 0.69; KCl, 0.05; KH2PO4, 0.05 with medium pH 6.46. Use of 50ml medium in 250ml Erlenmeyer flask gives highest exopolysaccharide production. The organism produced more than two times higher exopolysaccharide (2.276±0.032g/l EPS) at optimized condition compared to pre-optimized condition (0.96±0.021). In vivo toxicity test established nontoxic nature of the EPS (≤400mg EPS/Kg of body weight). The EPS slightly altered intestinal indigenous bacteria and influenced the growth of beneficial Lactobacillus spp.