Extra vectorlike matter and the lightest Higgs scalar boson mass in low-energy supersymmetry

Physical review D: Particles and fields (Impact Factor: 4.86). 02/2010; 81(3):035004-035004. DOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVD.81.035004
Source: arXiv


The lightest Higgs scalar boson mass in supersymmetry can be raised significantly by extra vectorlike quark and lepton supermultiplets with large Yukawa couplings but dominantly electroweak-singlet masses. I consider models of this type that maintain perturbative gauge coupling unification. The impact of the new particles on precision electroweak observables is found to be moderate, with the fit to Z-pole data as good or better than that of the standard model even if the new Yukawa couplings are as large as their fixed-point values and the extra vectorlike quark masses are as light as 400 GeV. I study the size of corrections to the lightest Higgs boson mass, taking into account the fixed-point behavior of the scalar trilinear couplings. I also discuss the decay branching ratios of the lightest new quarks and leptons and general features of the resulting collider signatures.

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    • "Note however that their fit is based on a model with both up-and down-type isosinglets, so their limits will be weaker when applied to our models, where either the down-type or up-type isosinglet is missing. The authors also perform a fit to the ST U parameters that confirms our conclusions based on Ref. [28] that our model is safe. Last, as noted above, to allow the 4th generation fermions to decay and so satisfy cosmological bounds, we assume that they mix with MSSM fields. "
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    ABSTRACT: We supplement the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with vector-like copies of standard model particles. Such 4th generation particles can raise the Higgs boson mass to the observed value without requiring very heavy superpartners, improving naturalness and the prospects for discovering supersymmetry at the LHC. Here we show that these new particles are also motivated cosmologically: in the MSSM, pure Bino dark matter typically overcloses the Universe, but 4th generation particles open up new annihilation channels, allowing Binos to have the correct thermal relic density without resonances or co-annihilation. We show that this can be done in a sizable region of parameter space while preserving gauge coupling unification and satisfying constraints from collider, Higgs, precision electroweak, and flavor physics.
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    • "Both the charged-current [17] and the flavor changing neutral current (FCNC) [18] [19] decay processes are allowed. The ratio of the predicted rates depends on the model: in some models the FCNC process dominates [20]; in others the two modes are comparable in rate. "
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    ABSTRACT: A search for the production of a heavy B quark, having electric charge -1/3 and vector couplings to W, Z, and H bosons, is carried out using proton-proton collision data recorded at the CERN LHC by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The B quark is assumed to be pair-produced and to decay in one of three ways: to tW, bZ, or bH. The search is carried out in final states with one, two, and more than two charged leptons, as well as in fully hadronic final states. Each of the channels in the exclusive final-state topologies is designed to be sensitive to specific combinations of the B quark-antiquark pair decays. The observed event yields are found to be consistent with the standard model expectations in all the final states studied. A statistical combination of these results is performed and upper limits are set on the cross section of the strongly produced B quark-antiquark pairs as a function of the B quark mass. Lower limits on the B quark mass between 740 and 900 GeV are set at a 95% confidence level, depending on the values of the branching fractions of the B quark to tW, bZ, and bH. Overall, these limits are the most stringent to date.
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    • "The results of the search are interpreted in the context of vector-like lepton [16] and type-III seesaw [17] scenarios in which the new heavy leptons decay through mixing with electrons or muons () induced by off-diagonal Yukawa couplings. In the type-III seesaw model, the masses of the three heavy leptons are assumed to be identical. "
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    ABSTRACT: A search for heavy leptons decaying to a $Z$ boson and an electron or a muon is presented. The search is based on $pp$ collision data taken at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV by the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb$^{-1}$. Three high-transverse-momentum electrons or muons are selected, with two of them required to be consistent with originating from a $Z$ boson decay. No significant excess above Standard Model background predictions is observed, and 95% confidence level limits on the production cross section of high-mass trilepton resonances are derived. The results are interpreted in the context of vector-like lepton and type-III seesaw models. For the vector-like lepton model, most heavy lepton mass values in the range 114-176 GeV are excluded. For the type-III seesaw model, most mass values in the range 100-468 GeV are excluded.
    Journal of High Energy Physics 06/2015; 2015(9). DOI:10.1007/JHEP09(2015)108 · 6.11 Impact Factor
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