Tochukaso (Semitake and others), Cordyceps species

Food Reviews International (Impact Factor: 2.54). 02/1995; 11(1):231-234. DOI: 10.1080/87559129509541038
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    ABSTRACT: Nutritional compositions of three Tochukaso species (Paecilomyces tenuipes hosted by Larva and pupa, Cordyceps militaris, C. sinensis) were compared. Fruiting body and host fractions were separately analyzed. Fruiting body fraction of P. tenuipes (36.6%) hosted by larva was higher than that hosted by pupa (10.2%), an indication that the quality of the former is superior to the latter. Carbohydrate content of C. sinensis (39.6%) was times higher than those of others, probably due to the presence of polysaccharides. Protein and crude lipid contents of C. sinensis and C. militaris were 25.8 and 10.3%, and 75.1 and 3.9%, respectively. C. sinensis showed the lowest Ca content and times higher Fe content among the samples tested. Vitamin A content of C. militaris was 308.9 IU/100g, two fold higher than those of the other species. Saturated fatty acid content was the highest in P. tenuipes (pupa, 27.7%), whereas unsaturated fatty acid was the highest in P. tenuipes (larva, 83.3%). Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and glycine were abundant in all species. Cordycepin content of C. militaris was times higher than those of the other species.
    Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology. 01/2003; 35(1).
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    ABSTRACT: A method for distinguishing isolates of the fungi belonging to genus Cordyceps, used as food/medicine in Eastern Asia, was developed. A PCR-single stranded conformation polymorphism-based profile was applied and established on the ITS2 region of rDNA for molecular typing in 48 different isolates of Cordyceps species. Compared with the DNA sequencing data and secondary structure prediction of single strand DNA, the method used was sensitive and could distinguish between two closely related species in the genus Cordyceps. This method could be very useful for confirming the identity of a specific strain of Cordyceps for researchers and food companies that produce the fermented Cordyceps products as a quality control method.
    Food Biotechnology 11/2008; 22(4):311-325. · 0.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cultivation characteristics of fruit-body (synnema) formation ofIsaria japonica were examined using liquid and solid media in order to produce fruit-bodies on a large scale. Mycelia grew well at 18–28°C on PDA medium with an initial pH of 7.0. The formation of fruit-bodies ofI. japonica was induced by lowering temperature to below 20°C in PD liquid medium. In sawdust-rice bran basal medium mixed with pupal powder prepared from silkworms (Bombyx mori), the fresh weight of fruit-bodies increased with increasing content of pupal powder. The highest yields of fruit-bodies were obtained in carbon-rich barley grain medium supplemented with pupal powder. The fruit-bodies grown under CO2 concentrations of 1,000 μl/L had coral-like, many-branched synnemata with numerous conidiospores, whereas those formed under high concentrations (9,000 μl/L) of CO2 had unbranched and longer synnemata. High concentrations of CO2 remarkably inhibited conidiospore formation on synnemata. Continuous high-intensity illumination at 2.93 W·m−2 inhibited the elongation of synnemata, and low-intensity illumination at 0.088 W·m−2 slightly inhibited the branching of synnemata. Fruit-bodies were produced on the pupa metamorphosed from living larvae ofAgrotis fucosa placed on the surface of a culture ofI. japonica incubated in sawdust-rice bran medium.
    Mycoscience 01/1998; 39(1):43-48. · 1.29 Impact Factor