Article

Incidence of postoperative infections requiring reoperation after arthroscopic knee surgery.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.. Electronic address: .
Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.19). 08/2013; 29(8):1355-61. DOI: 10.1016/j.arthro.2013.05.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study were to determine the incidence of infection requiring reoperation after arthroscopic knee surgery during a 6-year period and to compare infection rates across different age groups, genders, geographic regions of the United States, and Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes through a retrospective review of a large insurance company database.
A retrospective review of an insurance company database was performed for all knee arthroscopies performed in the United States from 2004 to 2009. The database was first queried for all knee arthroscopies, and the number of those cases requiring additional surgery for infection within 30 days was determined to calculate the incidence of infection. The incidence was stratified by gender, age group, region within the United States, and CPT code. A separate analysis for procedures using allografts was also performed.
A total of 432,038 arthroscopic surgeries were performed, and the number of infections requiring drainage was 638, for an overall incidence of infection from 2004 to 2009 of 0.15%. Among adults, men were affected almost twice as often as women (P < .001), and among children, boys were affected almost 3 times as often as girls (P < .001). A decreasing incidence was noted in patients 60 years or older between 2004 and 2009 (P = .01). Overall, the incidence did not significantly vary by age, region, or CPT codes that specified the implantation of allograft tissue. Compared with diagnostic arthroscopy, the relative risk of infection was higher for CPT-29889 (posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction).
The incidence of infection requiring reoperation after knee arthroscopy from 2004 to 2009 was 0.15%. The incidence was higher among male patients in both the adult and pediatric populations. The incidence of infection decreased from 2004 to 2009 in patients 60 years or older. Among adult patients, the incidence did not vary by age, by region, or by CPT codes that involved implantation of allografts.
Level IV, cross-sectional study.

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    ABSTRACT: Background: An acute infection after arthroscopic shoulder surgery is a rare but serious complication. Previous studies estimating the incidence of infections after arthroscopic surgery have been conducted, but the majority of these had either relatively small study groups or were not specific to shoulder arthroscopic surgery. Purpose: To investigate the incidence of acute infections after arthroscopic shoulder surgery and compare infection rates by age group, sex, geographic region, and specific procedures. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A retrospective review of a large insurance company database was performed for all shoulder arthroscopic surgeries performed in the United States between 2004 and 2009 that required additional surgery for infections within 30 days. The data were stratified by sex, age group, and region. Data were also stratified for specific procedures (capsulorrhaphy, treatment for superior labrum anterior-posterior tears, claviculectomy, decompression, and rotator cuff repair) and used to assess the variation in the incidence of infections across different arthroscopic shoulder procedures. Linear regression was used to determine the significance of differences in the data from year to year. χ2 analysis was used to assess the statistical significance of variations among all groups. Poisson regression analysis with exposure was used to determine significant differences in a pairwise comparison between 2 groups. Results: The total number of arthroscopic shoulder surgeries performed was 165,820, and the number of infections requiring additional surgery was 450, resulting in an overall infection rate of 0.27%. The incidence of infections varied significantly across age groups (P < .001); the infection rate was highest in the ≥60-year age group (0.36%) and lowest in the 10- to 39-year age group (0.18%). The incidence of infections also varied by region (P < .001); the incidence was highest in the South (0.37%) and lowest in the Midwest (0.11%). The incidence of infection treatments was also significantly different between different arthroscopic procedures (P < .01) and was highest for rotator cuff repair (0.29%) and lowest for capsulorrhaphy (0.16%). The incidence did not significantly vary by year or sex. Conclusion: The overall infection rate for all arthroscopic shoulder procedures was 0.27%. The incidence was highest in elderly patients, in the South, and for rotator cuff repair. The incidence was lowest in young patients, in the Midwest, and for capsulorrhaphy. In general, shoulder arthroscopic surgery in this study population had a low rate of reoperation in the acute period.
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