Yoga for Back Pain, Cranberry for Cystitis Prevention, Soy Isoflavones for Hot Flashes, Curcumin for Pre-Diabetes, and Breathing Retraining for Asthma.

EXPLORE The Journal of Science and Healing (Impact Factor: 0.94). 07/2013; 9(4):251-254. DOI: 10.1016/j.explore.2013.04.010
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Plants contain compounds with oestrogen--like action called phytoestrogens. Soy contains daidzin, a potent phytoestrogen, and wheat flour contains less potent enterolactones. We aimed to show in 58 postmenopausal women (age 54, range 30-70 years) with at least 14 hot flushes per week, that their daily diet supplemented with soy flour (n = 28) could reduce flushes compared with wheat flour (n = 30) over 12 weeks when randomised and double blind. Hot flushes significantly decreased in the soy and wheat flour groups (40% and 25% reduction, respectively < 0.001 for both) with a significant rapid response in the soy flour group in 6 weeks (P < 0.001) that continued. Menopausal symptom score decreased significantly in both groups (P < 0.05). Urinary daidzein excretion confirmed compliance. Vaginal cell maturation, plasma lipids and urinary calcium remained unchanged. Serum FSH decreased and urinary hydroxyproline increased in the wheat flour group.
    Maturitas 05/1995; 61(1-2):27-33. DOI:10.1016/j.maturitas.2008.09.007 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to determine whether the minimal important difference, in evaluative quality of life instruments which use a 7-point scale, is similar across individual domains and for both improvement and deterioration. Thirty nine adults with asthma were studied, using an 8 week cohort with assessments at 0, 4 and 8 weeks. The outcomes were the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire and global rating of change. For overall asthma-specific quality of life and for all individual domains (activities, emotions, symptoms), the minimal important difference of quality of life score per item was very close to 0.5 (range: 0.42-0.58); differences of approximately 1.0 represented a moderate change (range: 0.77-1.51); differences greater than 1.5 represented large changes. Changes for improvement and deterioration were very similar. The changes in quality of life score that represent a minimal important difference are very similar to those observed for other evaluative instruments. The observation that the minimal important difference is consistent across domains and for both improvement and deterioration will facilitate interpretation of results of studies examining quality of life.
    Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 02/1994; 47(1):81-7. DOI:10.1016/0895-4356(94)90036-1 · 5.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Current use of hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) increases the incidence of breast cancer. The Million Women Study was set up to investigate the effects of specific types of HRT on incident and fatal breast cancer. 1084110 UK women aged 50-64 years were recruited into the Million Women Study between 1996 and 2001, provided information about their use of HRT and other personal details, and were followed up for cancer incidence and death. Half the women had used HRT; 9364 incident invasive breast cancers and 637 breast cancer deaths were registered after an average of 2.6 and 4.1 years of follow-up, respectively. Current users of HRT at recruitment were more likely than never users to develop breast cancer (adjusted relative risk 1.66 [95% CI 1.58-1.75], p<0.0001) and die from it (1.22 [1.00-1.48], p=0.05). Past users of HRT were, however, not at an increased risk of incident or fatal disease (1.01 [0.94-1.09] and 1.05 [0.82-1.34], respectively). Incidence was significantly increased for current users of preparations containing oestrogen only (1.30 [1.21-1.40], p<0.0001), oestrogen-progestagen (2.00 [1.88-2.12], p<0.0001), and tibolone (1.45 [1.25-1.68], p<0.0001), but the magnitude of the associated risk was substantially greater for oestrogen-progestagen than for other types of HRT (p<0.0001). Results varied little between specific oestrogens and progestagens or their doses; or between continuous and sequential regimens. The relative risks were significantly increased separately for oral, transdermal, and implanted oestrogen-only formulations (1.32 [1.21-1.45]; 1.24 [1.11-1.39]; and 1.65 [1.26-2.16], respectively; all p<0.0001). In current users of each type of HRT the risk of breast cancer increased with increasing total duration of use. 10 years' use of HRT is estimated to result in five (95% CI 3-7) additional breast cancers per 1000 users of oestrogen-only preparations and 19 (15-23) additional cancers per 1000 users of oestrogen-progestagen combinations. Use of HRT by women aged 50-64 years in the UK over the past decade has resulted in an estimated 20000 extra breast cancers, 15000 associated with oestrogen-progestagen; the extra deaths cannot yet be reliably estimated. Current use of HRT is associated with an increased risk of incident and fatal breast cancer; the effect is substantially greater for oestrogen-progestagen combinations than for other types of HRT.
    The Lancet 08/2003; 362(9382):419-27. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60534-0 · 45.22 Impact Factor
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