Article

El Concepto de Suelo, Su Clasificación y Representaciones Canónicas

Suelos Ecuatoriales 01/2011; 41(1):19-22.

ABSTRACT Soil concept has changed along the time according to the evolution of demands of information that societies requires. Some of the new methodological and scientific proposals are based on reformulations or recombinations of several ancient edaphologic paradigms, known as “theoretically more novel”. However, some of the most heuristic theories has increased their complexity, multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary along the time, apart from some exceptions. In light of the analysis of the assorted soil concepts (seventeen in total), just as the taxonomical structures utilized to organize the edaphodiversity, the conceptual and taxonomic components where integrated to show which were the main actual challenges of the edaphology. Nowadays soil sciences has to transform their utilitarian perspectives (applied science) to other perspectives more appropriate to the standards of the basic research, due to the varied demand of information that comes from several disciplines. These demands open the possibility to transform the edaphology on a basic science, on the earth and life sciences circle.
El concepto de suelo ha ido variando a lo largo del tiempo conforme lo hacían las demandas de información que las sociedades requerían. Si tal hecho es cierto desde que la ciencia fue reconocida tal como la entendemos hoy, también lo es que las diversas concepciones del sistema edáfico no han mutado de unas a otras de un modo claramente secuencial. Muchas de las nuevas propuestas se basan en reformulaciones o recombinaciones de varias de las antiguas ideas bajo prismas “en teoría más novedosos”. Sin embargo, en algunas de las más heurísticas, su complejidad, multidisciplinariedad y transdisciplinariedad si han ido incrementándose con el tiempo, con algunas salvedades. A la luz del análisis de los variados conceptos de suelos (diecisiete en total), así como del de las estructuras taxonómicas que se utilizan con vistas a organizar su edafodiversidad, se muestran cuáles son los principales retos a los que debe enfrentarse hoy la edafología . Actualmente, la ciencia del suelo debe transformar sus perspectivas utilitaristas (ciencia aplicada) hacia otras más acordes con los estándares de la investigación básica, dada las variadas demandas de información que nos reclaman desde las más diversas disciplinas. La edafología se transformará así en una ciencia básica, en el ámbito de las ciencias de la tierra y de la vida, por derecho propio.

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May 20, 2014