Contribution of Oil in Economic Growth of Saudi Arabia
ABSTRACT This article examines the relationship between oil production and economic growth based on time-series data of Saudi Arabia from 1971 to 2010, and the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model approach for cointegration has been used. The innovative contribution of this study is to determine long-run relationship between oil production and economic growth by disaggregating oil production into domestic consumption of oil in industrial sector and revenues earned from export of oil. Results show that oil revenues have a strong positive impact on real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in both the short and the long runs, and this positive relationship holds for different specification of the model. Domestic consumption of oil in industrial sector has negative impact on GDP in both the short and the long runs.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, the analysis was that the capacity of creating inflation depends on oil prices as the one of energy types that is a major input of aggregate output which becomes a source of economic growth with increasing in costs. The aggregate output is also a function of energy that is the one of production inputs. Moreover, energy is an imported by several countries because it is acquired from the limited sources around the world. It causes inflation of importing countries to exporting countries through oil prices. At the same time, the rises of oil prices causes inflation because it increases the product costs. The second argument is that the increasing of aggregate output is generally affected by energy use, and is privately affected by oil use. In that case, oil import is both efficient on inflation and on growth. Tested hypothesis in the study is that oil prices have an inflationary effect because of its effect on costs, and is that this activity will negatively affect the growth because of its effect on expectations. In this study, the effects of the crude oil import of Turkey for inflation and growth are analysed over the long term. The committed analyses show that GDP was affected by oil imports, and it also caused inflation in the Turkish economy.
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ABSTRACT: Anthony Bebbington and Jeffrey Bury, eds., Subterranean Struggles: New Dynamics of Mining, Oil, and Gas in Latin America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013. Photographs, maps, figures, tables, abbreviations, bibliography, index, 361 pp.; hardcover $60, paperback $30.Noel Maurer, The Empire Trap: The Rise and Fall of U.S. Intervention to Protect American Property Overseas, 1893–2013. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2013. Illustrations, map, tables, figures, notes, bibliography, index, 568 pp.; hardcover $39.50; ebook available.Michael L. Ross, The Oil Curse: How Petroleum Wealth Shapes the Development of Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. Illustrations, tables, abbreviations, appendixes, bibliography, index, 312 pp.; paperback $22.95, ebook available.Elana Shever, Resources for Reform: Oil and Neoliberalism in Argentina. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2012. Map, figures, notes, bibliography, index, 231 pp.; hardcover $70, paperback $22.95, ebook $22.95.Latin American Politics & Society 03/2015; 57(1). DOI:10.1111/j.1548-2456.2015.00263.x