Structure-based approach to the design of BakBH3 mimetic peptides with increased helical propensity.
ABSTRACT The Bcl-2 family of proteins are well-characterized regulators of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Proteins within this family can be classified as either prosurvival or prodeath members and the balance between them present at the mitochondrial membrane is what determines if the cell lives or dies. Specific interactions among Bcl-2 family proteins play a crucial role in regulating programmed cell death. Structural studies have established a conserved interaction pattern among Bcl-2 family members. This interaction is mediated by the binding of the hydrophobic face of the amphipathic α-helical BH3 domain into a conserved hydrophobic groove on the prosurvival partners. It has been reported that an increase in the helical content of BH3 mimetic peptides considerably improves the binding affinity. In this context, this work states for designing peptides derived from the BH3 domain of the proapoptotic protein Bak by substitution of some non-interacting residues by the helical inducing residue Aib. Different synthetic peptides preserving BakBH3 relevant interactions were proposed and simulated presenting a better predicted binding energy and higher helical content than the wild type Bak peptide.
- SourceAvailable from: Kenneth M MerzJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 01/1995; 117:5179-5197.
Article: The BCL-2 family reunion.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: B cell CLL/lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) and its relatives comprise the BCL-2 family of proteins, which were originally characterized with respect to their roles in controlling outer mitochondrial membrane integrity and apoptosis. Current observations expand BCL-2 family function to include numerous cellular pathways. Here we will discuss the mechanisms and functions of the BCL-2 family in the context of these pathways, highlighting the complex integration and regulation of the BCL-2 family in cell fate decisions.Molecular cell 02/2010; 37(3):299-310. · 14.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: alpha-Amino acids are important building blocks for the synthesis of a large number of bioactive compounds and pharmaceutical drugs. However, a literature survey revealed that no theoretical conformational study of alpha-amino acids with cage carbon frameworks has been performed to date. This paper reports the results of a conformational study on the (R)-8-amino-pentacyclo[22.214.171.124(2,6).0(3,10).0(5,9)]undecane-8-carboxylic acid monopeptide (cage monopeptide), using molecular mechanics and ab initio methods. The in vacuo Ramachandran maps computed using the different parameterizations of the AMBER force field show the C7eq structure as the most favourable conformation, in contrast to the C7ax structure, that is the lowest energy conformation at the ab initio level. Analysis of these maps reveals the helical preference for the monopeptide and provides the potential for the cage residue to be incorporated into constrained peptide analogues.Journal of Peptide Science 06/2004; 10(5):274-84. · 2.07 Impact Factor