Article

Iris Young's Five Faces of Oppression Applied to Nursing.

College of Nursing, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI.
Nursing Forum 07/2013; 48(3):205-10. DOI:10.1111/nuf.12027
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To explore Iris Young's Five Faces of Oppression as a framework for understanding oppression of nurses.
Nursing's gendered status is implicated in nursing's status as a profession. Young's framework clearly lays out the ways in which nurses are oppressed in today's healthcare system.
Understanding the structure of nursing's oppression allows nursing to begin to formulate a thoughtful response to oppression and helps nursing find its voice in the larger world of the healthcare system.

0 0
 · 
1 Bookmark
 · 
59 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nursing's survival in the new millennium necessitates the application of a fresh lens to the manner in which nurses participate in and perpetuate the insidious nature of their oppression. This article critically explores the language and activities that annotate nursing's gender politics to expose how language and power intersect, facilitating the development of a language of social change. Self-deception is found to be a central organizing concept of professional and service delivery organizations that perpetuates professional mediocrity, limits freedom of thought and action, and preserves the borderline status of nurses. Dialogue inclusive of the internal and external systems operating to oppress nurses is suggested to transform nurses as collective social agents and reframe their sociopolitical reality.
    ANS. Advances in nursing science 10/2000; 23(1):83-93. · 0.82 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To develop a conceptual framework to account for interpersonal conflict in nursing. To extend the boundaries of debate on the causes of interpersonal conflict in nursing. In nursing, attempts to offer an explanation for staff conflict or, as it is traditionally referred to, horizontal violence, have, nearly always, been influenced by oppression and feminist theories. Such macrolevel analyses avoid discussing the details of individual acts of aggression in favour of considering nurses' alleged disempowerment in relation to other perceived dominant groups, especially male doctors, and the violence these groups inflict in terms of the denial of power, control, and access to rewards - material or otherwise. A critical analysis of an extended literature review adapted from a doctoral dissertation. While the oppression and feminist perspectives can be insightful they are also limiting in that they omit the finer grained-analysis necessary for a fuller understanding of staff conflict. At least three levels of explanation can be offered to account for poor staff relationships - a macrolevel, which focuses on nurses' relationships vis-à-vis dominant groups, a mesolevel analysis, which concentrates on organizational structures, including workplace practices - many of which are controlled by nurses themselves, and a microlevel analysis, which emphasizes the interactional nature of interpersonal conflict. It is contented that it is not only the alleged misogyny intrinsic to oppression theory that shackles and impedes nurses, but nurses themselves, who in their everyday work and interpersonal interactions, act as insidious gatekeepers to an iniquitous status quo.
    Journal of Advanced Nursing 08/2001; 35(1):26-33. · 1.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent literature defines lateral violence as nurses covertly or overtly directing their dissatisfaction inward toward each other, toward themselves, and toward those less powerful than themselves. Newly licensed nurses are an identified group that is vulnerable to lateral violence during their socialization to nursing practice. The use of cognitive rehearsal, an applied cognitive-behavioral technique, was used as an intervention and the theoretical underpinning for this study. Twenty-six newly licensed nurses hired by a large acute care tertiary hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, participated in an exploratory descriptive study. They were taught about lateral violence in nursing practice and the use of cognitive rehearsal techniques as a shield from the negative effects of lateral violence on learning and socialization. Small laminated cueing cards with written visual cues for the appropriate responses to the most common forms of lateral violence were provided. One year later, videotaped focus groups designed to collect qualitative data about the applied intervention were conducted. Twenty-six newly licensed nurses in three different focus groups were videotaped responding to six open-ended questions designed to elicit information on their experience with lateral violence, use of cognitive rehearsal as an intervention, and the overall socialization process. Knowledge of lateral violence in nursing appeared to allow newly licensed nurses to depersonalize it, thus allowing them to ask questions and continue to learn. The learned cognitive responses helped them confront the lateral violence offender. Confrontation was described as difficult but resulted in the resolution of the lateral violence behavior. Overall, the retention rate in this study population was positively affected.
    The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing 35(6):257-63. · 0.71 Impact Factor