Perfiles genéticos, longevidad y análisis estadístico

Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología 05/2012; DOI: 10.1016/j.regg.2011.09.010
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    ABSTRACT: Molecular markers are used widely to discriminate between closely related species of parasites, and in many cases a single locus is used for this purpose. This article aims to show how molecular data derived from a single genetic marker or linkage group - in this case mitochondrial DNA - can lead to ambiguous conclusions and to illustrate how a multilocus approach has enhanced our understanding of the epidemiology of two closely related parasites, the nematodes Ascaris suum, which infects pigs, and Ascaris lumbicoides, which infects humans.
    Trends in Parasitology 05/2001; 17(4):183-8. DOI:10.1016/S1471-4922(00)01944-9 · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intestinal schistosomiasis caused by infection with Schistosoma mansoni is a widespread public health problem in Uganda. Although long known to be endemic, its current distribution within the country requires updating of parasitological data to help guide planned control. We report such data collected between 1998 and 2002 from 201 schools and 68 communities across Uganda. In accordance with epidemiological expectation, prevalence and intensity increased with age, peaking at 10-20 years and thereafter declined moderately with age, whereas intensity declined more rapidly with age, and the prevalence of infection in a school was non-linearly related to the mean intensity of infection. We used geographical information systems to map the distribution of infection and to overlay parasitological data with interpolated environmental surfaces. The derived maps indicate both a widespread occurrence of infection and a marked variability in infection prevalence, with prevalence typically highest near the lakeshore and along large rivers. No transmission occurred at altitudes >1400 m or where total annual rainfall was <900 mm; limits which can help estimate the population at risk of schistosomiasis. The results are discussed in reference to the ecology of infection and provide an epidemiological framework for the design and implementation of control efforts underway in Uganda.
    Tropical Medicine & International Health 04/2004; 9(3):372-80. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01176.x · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Haplotypic variation within and among the Ascaris populations representing six provinces in China was investigated. Mitochondrial DNA regions in the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) genes were amplified by PCR from total genomic DNA samples (n > 720) from Ascaris individuals from humans and pigs, and subjected to mutation scanning and subsequent selective sequencing. For the cox1, ten different electrophoretic profiles were recorded for human Ascaris, and the same number for pig Ascaris, one of them being common to both host species. For the nad1, 11 different profiles were detected for human Ascaris, and 15 for pig Ascaris. Having defined all haplotypes (20 for pcox1 and 26 for pnad1) by sequencing, their frequencies were estimated in each of the two host species and each of the six provinces. For each mitochondrial region, the frequency of the different haplotypes varied considerably, depending on host species and geographical origin. Analysis of the sequence data (representing all haplotypes for each mitochondrial locus) by F-statistics indicated restricted gene flow between human Ascaris and pig Ascaris, and supported the conclusions from previous molecular epidemiological investigations that pigs are not a significant source of Ascaris infection in humans in endemic regions.
    Electrophoresis 11/2005; 26(22):4317-26. DOI:10.1002/elps.200500276 · 3.03 Impact Factor
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