Wall effect on pressure drop in packed beds

Powder Technology - POWDER TECHNOL 01/2011; 210(3):261-266. DOI:10.1016/j.powtec.2011.03.026

ABSTRACT The wall effect on the pressure drop in packed beds could be considered by modifying the Ergun equation based on the concept of hydraulic radius. However, the prediction of the two constants involved in the modified Ergun equation, if using the correlations available in the literature, could differ significantly from one another, and all correlations are not applicable for very low bed-to-particle diameter ratios. In this study, a capillary-type model is proposed to be composed of a bundle of capillary tubes subject to a series of local energy losses, the latter being simulated in terms of sphere drag. The formulas derived provide a good description of variations in the two constants for bed-to-particle diameter ratios ranging from 1.1 to 50.5.

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