Preparation and Porous Property of C 14 Monolithic Column for Capillary Electrochromatography
ABSTRACT Capillary electrochromatography (CEC) has been performed with a series of C 14, methlyacrylamide based monolithic columns. These monoliths with different porosities were prepared by in-situ copolymerization in fused-silica capillaries. The porous properties of monoliths were further observed using scanning electron micrographs (SEM) and measured using a mercury porosimeter. The effect of various alcohols as porogens on porous structural properties and chromatographic behaviors were also investigated. The effects of organic additive, pH value and ionic strength in mobile phase on electroosmosis flow (EOF) and separation were further discussed. Meanwhile, the baseline separation of 6 neutral compounds can be well obtained. In addition, the monolithic column demonstrates the high column efficiency and satisfactory reproducibility.
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ABSTRACT: The use of high internal phase emulsion polymers (polyHIPEs) for CEC applications has remained relatively unexplored. A few reports exist in the literature for the preparation of similar structures. In this study, polyHIPEs having high porosity, and interconnected open-cell structure, were introduced and evaluated as stationary phase for CEC. The polyHIPE monolithic columns were prepared by the in situ polymerization of isodecylacrylate (IDA) and divinylbenzene (DVB) in the continuous phase of a high internal phase emulsion (HIPE). Due to its well-defined polyHIPE structure with interconnected micron size spherical voids, the columns synthesized with different initiator concentrations were successfully used for the separation of alkylbenzenes. Furthermore, the columns indicated a strong electroosmotic flow (EOF) without any additional EOF generating monomer probably due to the presence of ionizable sulfate groups coming from the water-soluble initiator used in the preparation of polyHIPE matrix. The best chromatographic performance in the separation of alkylbenzenes was achieved by using 70% ACN in the mobile phase with high column efficiency (up to 200,000 plates/m).Journal of Chromatography A 03/2010; 1217(10):1654-9. DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2010.01.020 · 4.26 Impact Factor