Dyspepsia prevalence in general population aged over 20 in the west part of Iran.
ABSTRACT To estimate the prevalence of dyspepsia in the general population aged over 20 in western Iran.
The cross-sectional study was conducted among the randomly selected general population over the age of 20 years in Sanandaj city. Iran, from April to December 2009. A questionnaire containing demographic, symptoms and history variables was used. Dependent variables were self-reported gastrointestinal symptoms. The prevalence of dyspepsia in different groups was analysed using chi square test, while logistic regression analysis was done to determine dyspepsia, ulcer-like, dysmotility-like and reflux-like prevalence after controlling the confounders.
Among 590 respondents, the prevalence of dyspepsia was 54.6% (n = 322). Among them were 243 (41.2%) cases of uninvestigated dyspepsia. According to dyspepsia classification, the prevalence of ulcer-like, dysmotility-like, reflux-like and non-specific dyspepsia were 31.5% (n = 186), 11% (n = 65), 27.3% (n = 161) and 12.4% (n = 74), respectively. Difference in dyspepsia prevalence between men and women persisted after adjustment for other factors (p =0.01) and dyspepsia prevalence was higher in over-60-years old group than the middle aged group (p = 0.008). CONCLUSIONn: The study showed high prevalence of dyspepsia in the general population. Gender, age, family history and theophylline consumption affect the prevalence of dyspepsia.