Article

Influencia de las secuelas de la poliomielitis y síntomas del síndrome postpolio en las actividades de la vida diaria y en la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud

Departamento de Fisioterapia, Terapia Ocupacional, Rehabilitación y Medicina Física. Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Alcorcón. Madrid
Rehabilitación 01/2006; 40(4). DOI: 10.1016/S0048-7120(06)74892-7

ABSTRACT Purpose
To describe the repercussion of poliomyelitis sequels in activities of daily living (ADL) and health-related quality.

Method
A cross-sectional study with thirty-seven former polio patients with new symptoms is presented. The measurement instruments used were the Barthel Index, Lawton and Brody Scale and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) assessments. Pain in last week was assessed with a visual analogue scale (VAS). The Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between independents groups. The Spearman rank correlation test was used to evaluate the association between quantitative variables. Statistical significance level accepted was 5% (p < 0.05).

Results
Mean age was 49 years; 62 % were female and 38% were males. The NHP part I demonstrated that the most affected dimensions in our sample are physical mobility, pain and energy and the less affected is social isolation. In NHP part II, the most affected activities were housework and work. No significant differences were found between a greater dependence in ADL and a greater total score in NHP.

Conclusions
Sequels and new signs and symptoms detected in former polio subjects difficult the capacity to realize ADL, affecting to health-related quality of life.

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