Propiedades mecánicas y mecanismos de deformación en aleaciones del sistemas Fe-xMn-3,2Al0,2C (12 ≤ x ≤ 43)

Revista de Metalurgia (Impact Factor: 0.29). 01/1998; 34(Extra):362-366. DOI: 10.3989/revmetalm.1998.v34.iExtra.772
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Microstructure and mechanical properties of Fe-xMn-3,2Al-0,23C alloys with 12 ≤ x ≤ 43 (mass %) at 77 and 290 K have been studied to determine the mechanisms controlling plastic deformation. Austenitic alloys (Mn ≥ 22) show an increase of elongation to failure with decreasing temperature of testing (inverse ductility). This behavior has been related to formation of deformation twins, which is favored at 77 K. Alloys with manganese content lower than 17 % present a two-phase microstructure (α' + γ). The martensite volume fraction increases as the manganese content decreases. These alloys show a loss of ductility, especially at 77 K. In contrast to asutenitic alloys, this different mechanical behavior has been associated with a TRIP mechanism (transformationinduced plasticity).Se han estudiado la microestructura y las propiedades mecánicas a 77 y 290 K de una serie de aleaciones Fe-xMn-3,2Al-0,23C con 12 ≤ x ≤ 43 (% en masa) con objeto de determinar los mecanismos que controlan la deformación plástica. Se ha comprobado que, en las aleaciones con estructura austenítica (Mn ≥ 22), el alargamiento a rotura aumenta al disminuir la temperatura de ensayo (ductilidad inversa). Este comportamiento se ha relacionado con un proceso de deformación por maclaje favorecido a 77 K. Las aleaciones con contenidos de manganeso < 17 % presentan una estructura bifásica (α' + γ), siendo mayor la fracción de volumen de martensita a medida que disminuye la concentración de manganeso. Estas aleaciones presentan una disminución del alargamiento a rotura especialmente a 77 K. El diferente comportamiento mecánico con respecto al de las aleaciones austeníticas se asocia a un proceso de transformación a martensita inducida por deformación (TRIP).

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