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Value functions and associated graded rings for semisimple algebras

Transactions of the American Mathematical Society (Impact Factor: 1.02). 01/2009; 362(02):687-726. DOI: 10.1090/S0002-9947-09-04681-9

ABSTRACT We introduce a type of value function y called a gauge on a finite-dimensional semisimple algebra A over a field F with valuation v. The filtration on A induced by y yields an associated graded ring gry(A) which is a graded algebra over the graded field grv(F). Key requirements for y to be a gauge are that gry(A) be graded semisimple and that dimgrv(F)(gry(A)) = dimF(A). It is shown that gauges behave well with respect to scalar extensions and tensor products. When v is Henselian and A is central simple over F, it is shown that gry(A) is simple and graded Brauer equivalent to grw(D) where D is the division algebra Brauer equivalent to A and w is the valuation on D extending v on F. The utility of having a good notion of value function for central simple algebras, not just division algebras, and with good functorial properties, is demonstrated by giving new and greatly simplified proofs of some difficult earlier results on valued division algebras.

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