Some Psychological Aspects of Living Lightly: Desired Lifestyle Patterns and Conservation Behavior

Journal of Environmental Systems 01/1991; 20(3):1-1. DOI: 10.2190/030Q-Q4KE-7YFB-4Q0F
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    ABSTRACT: Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) is increasingly become an important issue all over the world. Governments are becoming more and more conscious about the environmental impacts of the solid waste generated in their countries. Special drives are being undertaken by various local bodies throughout the globe to sensitize their citizens about these environmental impacts and to adopt a more responsible attitude towards municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal. Mandatory segregation of household waste in Delhi (India) and the construction of domestic solid waste management center, the first integrated waste management system in Qatar pose serious challenges to local authorities of the two countries. Level of people's participation in the schemes holds the key to the success for the two MSWM programs as the most effective way to deal with the waste is at its source. Cognitive psychological modeling helps in identifying the factors that may promote waste minimization and recycling among the people of a given area. It may also determine the likely success of the schemes being formulated and implemented. Thus, this study aims at understanding and comparing the behavior of people towards participating in the MSWM schemes in the two cities of Delhi and Doha.
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    ABSTRACT: Time orientation, as a psychological determinant of sustainable behavior, is addressed in this paper. One hundred and seventy-seven individuals in two Mexican cities responded to a questionnaire investigating future orientation (i.e. the tendency of some people to establish and achieve goals and to plan strategies for meeting long-term obligations) and sustainable behavior, indicated by the self-report of water conservation practices. The relationship between these two factors was estimated within a structural equation model (SEM), which revealed that future orientation significantly and positively affects sustainable behavior. Between-group contrasts have not revealed significant differences in future orientation and water conservation given by economic income, gender and educational level. However, younger individuals (
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    ABSTRACT: Although pro-environmental behaviour is often believed to be difficult, aggravating, and potentially threatening one’s quality of life, recent studies suggest that people who behave in a more pro-environmental way are actually more satisfied with their lives. In this manuscript, we aim to explain this apparent paradox by reviewing theoretical arguments and empirical evidence for both sides of the coin: why would acting pro-environmentally decrease one’s well-being, and why would it increase one’s well-being? We conclude that part of the answer lies in a different view on what well-being entails, and more specifically, whether the focus is on hedonic well-being (i.e., feeling pleasure) or eudaimonic well-being (i.e., feeling meaningful).
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