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Metodología del estudio de cohortes del proyecto ITINERE sobre consumidores de heroína en tres ciudades españolas y características básicas de los participantes

Revista Espanola De Salud Publica - REV ESP SALUD PUBLICA 01/2005; 79(4). DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272005000400005
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    • "The ITINERE project cohort of current regular users of heroin aged between 18 and 30 years was assembled in outdoor settings of three Spanish cities (Barcelona, Madrid, Sevilla). Details of the methodology have been described previously [24,27]. To be included, subjects had to be residents in the above mentioned cities, to have used heroin within the 90 days prior to the interview, and at least 12 days over the 12 months prior to the interview; they also had to be willing to participate in and facilitate the follow-up. "
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    ABSTRACT: Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL) of opiate users has been studied in treatment settings, where assistance for drug use was sought. In this study we ascertain factors related to HRQL of young opiate users recruited outside treatment facilities, considering both genders separately. Current opiate users (18-30 y) were recruited in outdoor settings in three Spanish cities (Barcelona, Madrid, Seville). Standardised laptop interviews included socio-demographic data, drug use patterns, health related issues, the Severity of Dependence Scale (SDS) and the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). A total of 991 subjects (73% males), mean age = 25.7 years were interviewed. The mean global NHP score differed by gender (women: 41.2 (sd:23.8); men:34.1(sd:23.6);p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis was implemented separately by gender, variables independently related with global NHP score, both for males and females, were heroin and cocaine SDS scores. For women, only other drug related variables (alcohol intake and length of cocaine use) were independently associated with their HRQL. HIV+ males who suffered an opiate overdose or had psychiatric care in the last 12 months perceived their health as poorer, while those who had ever been in methadone treatment in the last 12 months perceived it as better. The model with both genders showed all factors for males plus quantity of alcohol and an interaction between gender and HIV status. Heroin users were found to be at a considerable risk of impaired HRQL, even in these young ages. A score approaching severity of dependence was the factor with the strongest relation with it.
    Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 12/2010; 8(1):145. DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-8-145 · 2.10 Impact Factor
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    • "The study began in 1994 in a central neighbourhood of the city of Barcelona, where we were previously aware of the high incidence of opiate users (Pañ ella et al. l994; De la Fuente et al. 2005). The study continued until 2000, as we kept returning to the field in order to contrast our findings with the understandings of our informants. "
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    ABSTRACT: This article reports on the ethnographical study carried out among an opiate consumer community in Barcelona (Spain) and analyses the meanings that those consumers build and handle around the substances that they consume. Our approach emphasises the point of view of the consumers in their understanding of drugs and the type of relationships that they maintain between themselves and with their social environment.
    Addiction Research and Theory 07/2009; 16(5):434-452. DOI:10.1080/16066350802041455 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • "The study began in 1994 in a central neighbourhood of the city of Barcelona, where we were previously aware of the high incidence of opiate users (Pañ ella et al. l994; De la Fuente et al. 2005). The study continued until 2000, as we kept returning to the field in order to contrast our findings with the understandings of our informants. "
    Addiction Research and Theory 02/2008; 16(5):434-452. · 1.03 Impact Factor
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