Características físicas de filmes biodegradáveis produzidos a partir de amidos modificados de mandioca

Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos (Impact Factor: 0.41). 01/2008; 28(1). DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612008000100033
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    ABSTRACT: The association of bacterial cellulose with other polymers can be an effective method for increasing its characteristics and structure, providing new industrial applications. The purpose of this paper was to verify the influence from bacterial cellulose in the physical, chemical and barrier properties in films of bacterial cellulose blends and potato starch. The films were made according to a ternary mix planning, with bacterial cellulose, potato starch and glycerol as independent variables. Blends with higher concentrations of bacterial cellulose exhibited increase in thickness, weight, permeability rate of water steam and permeability to water steam and reduction of density, solubility, opacity, swelling index at pH 1.8 and 8.0 (1, 10, 30 and 60 minutes). The scanning electron microscopy showed films with cohesive matrix, but with irregular morphology, containing insoluble particles of bacterial cellulose. The pure bacterial cellulose film showed increased weight, opacity, permeability rate of water steam and at swelling at pH 1.8 at 1 minute and pH 8.0 at 1, 10, 30 and 60 minutes. The bacterial cellulose contributed to high capacity of retention, absorption and low water desorption, providing biofilms that acted as barrier for light and kept the humidity constant.
    Polímeros 12/2012; 23(4):538-546. DOI:10.4322/polimeros.2013.038 · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The neutrophils play an essential role in host defenses against infection. When stimulated it responds with an increase of consumption of oxygen known as 'respiratory burst', so generating a great quantity of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide, which play an important function antimicrobial, and subsequent degranulation of neutrophils. Polymers are materials largely used in veterinary medicine. Several studies have been carried out to find new polymers and their biocompatibility to medical use. One polymer of cassava's starch (Manihot esculenta crantz) was developed at the Paranaense University's Laboratory of Chemistry - Campus Umuarama City, aiming to analyze the neutrophils degranulation after exposition to this starch. The early results showed a bioinert action of the polymer of cassava's starch on different concentrations when it was in contact with neutrophils. Thus, this material is potentially indicated as biomaterial.
    Ciência Rural 05/2010; 40(5):1103-1108. DOI:10.1590/S0103-84782010005000075 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellulose at the nanoparticle scale has been studied as a reinforcement for biodegradable matrices to improve film properties. The goal has been to investigate the properties of starch/gelatin/cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) films. Eleven treatments were considered using RCCD (rotatable central composite design), in addition to four control treatments. For each assay, the following dependent variables were measured: water vapor permeability (WVP), thickness, opacity and mechanical properties. The microstructure and thermal properties of the films were also assessed. Increases in gelatin and CNC concentrations lead to increases in film thickness, strength and elongation at break. The films containing only gelatin in their matrix displayed better results than the starch films, and the addition of CNC had a positive effect on the assessed response variables. The films exhibited homogeneous and cohesive structures, indicating strong interactions between the filler and matrix. Films with low levels of gelatin and CNC presented the maximum degradation temperature.
    Carbohydrate Polymers 01/2015; 115:215–222. DOI:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.08.057 · 3.92 Impact Factor

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