A Homozygous Founder Mutation in Desmocollin-2 (DSC2) Causes Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy in the Hutterite Population.
ABSTRACT -Dominant mutations in cellular junction proteins are the major cause of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy, whereas recessive mutations in those proteins cause cardiocutaneous syndromes such as Naxos and Carvajal syndrome. The Hutterites are distinct genetic isolates who settled in North America in 1874. Descended from fewer than 100 founders, they trace their origins to the 16(th) century Europe.
-We clinically and genetically evaluated two large families of the Alberta Hutterite population with a history of sudden death and found several individuals with severe forms of biventricular cardiomyopathy characterized by mainly left-sided localized aneurysms, regions of wall thinning with segmental akinesis in addition to typical electrical and histological features known for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). We identified a homozygous truncation mutation, c.1660C>T (p.Q554X) in desmocollin-2 (DSC2) in affected individuals, and determined a carrier frequency of this mutation of 9.4% (1 in 10.6) among 1,535 Schmiedeleut Hutterites, suggesting a common founder in that subgroup. Immunohistochemistry of endomyocardial biopsy samples revealed altered expression of the truncated DSC2 protein at the intercalated discs, but only minor changes in immunoreactivity of other desmosomal proteins. Recombinant expressed mutant DSC2 protein in cells confirmed a stable, partially processed truncated protein with cytoplasmic and membrane localization.
-A homozygous truncation mutation in DSC2 leads to a cardiac restricted phenotype of an early onset biventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. The truncated protein remains partially stable and localized at the intercalated discs. These data suggest that the processed DSC2 protein plays a role in maintaining desmosome integrity and function.
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ABSTRACT: In a series of recent reports, mutations in the gene encoding a protein called LUMA (or TMEM43), widely speculated to be a tetraspan transmembrane protein of the nuclear envelope, have been associated with a specific subtype of cardiomyopathy (arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies) and cases of sudden death. However, using antibodies of high specificity in immunolocalization experiments, we have discovered that, in mammals, LUMA is a component of zonula adhaerens and punctum adhaerens plaques of diverse epithelia and epithelial cell cultures and is also located in (or in some species associated with) the plaques of composite junctions (CJs) in myocardiac intercalated disks (IDs). In CJs, LUMA often colocalizes with several other CJ marker proteins. In all these cells, LUMA has not been detected in the nuclear envelope. Surprisingly, under certain conditions, similar CJ localizations have also been seen with some antibodies commercially available for some time. The identification of LUMA as a plaque component of myocardiac CJs leads to reconsiderations of the molecular composition and architecture, the development, the functions, and the pathogenic states of CJs and IDs. These findings now also allow the general conclusion that LUMA has to be added to the list of mutations of cardiomyocyte junction proteins that may be involved in cardiomyopathies.Cell and Tissue Research 04/2014; · 3.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia is an inherited cardiomyopathy that is transmitted in autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive forms and involves mutations in desmosomal and extradesmosomal genes. We present a case of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy that cosegregates in a Lebanese family with a previously unreported desmocollin-2 mutation (c.712_714delGAT). We believe this newly described genetic variant displays autosomal recessive inheritance without the cutaneous manifestations expected in recessive genotypes, and represents the latest addition to the compendium of desmosomal mutations with pathogenic potential.The Canadian journal of cardiology 01/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor