Interpersonal Problems and Personality Features as Mediators Between Attachment and Intimate Partner Violence

Department of Human Services, Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, TX 75962-3019, USA.
Violence and Victims (Impact Factor: 1.28). 06/2013; 28(3):414-28. DOI: 10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-12-00031
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We examined whether hostile dominant interpersonal problems (HDIP), antisocial features, and borderline features mediated the relationship between attachment (anxiety or avoidance) and intimate partner violence (IPV) with a sample of 132 male partner abusers. We conducted two path analyses with avoidant attachment as the predictor in one model and anxious attachment as the predictor in a second model. In both models, HDIP, antisocial features, and borderline features were the mediators with IPV as the criterion. For both models, the attachment variable had statistically significant path values to the mediating variables. However, neither antisocial nor borderline features had statistically significant path values from the mediating variable to the criterion variable (IPV). Only HDIP had a statistically significant path value from the mediating variable to the criterion variable in both models. However, only the avoidant model produced a statistically significant specific indirect effect indicating that HDIP clearly mediated the relationship between attachment and IPV. Results suggest that partner abusive men with predominantly avoidant and, to a lesser degree, anxious attachment may be at increased risk for addressing conflicts in a coercive, controlling, and vengeful manner that is manifested in physical aggression toward a partner. Further, interpersonal constructs may be better measures of psychopathology and provide more relevant clinical targets than personality constructs with male partner abusers.

1 Follower
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Assessed the impact of court-ordered treatment for wife assault by monitoring 156 men who had completed such treatment for up to 11 yrs after treatment completion. Recidivist assault and wife assault were assessed through access to Canadian Police Information Centre data that record crimes committed anywhere in Canada. Comparisons were drawn between this group and a group of 167 dropouts from treatment (noncompleters), 32 men rejected for treatment because of resistance or denial (rejects), and 91 men who never appeared for their treatment assessment (no shows). Whereas time-to-failure failed to reveal significant between-group differences, a recidivism ratio (total repeat offenses per man-in-group) revealed significantly lower recidivism rates for treatment completers. No shows recidivated at an equal rate to completers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 03/1997; 41(1):9-23. DOI:10.1177/0306624X9704100102 · 0.84 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Assessed on a battery of psychopathology and personality measures were 40 court-referred and 40 self-referred men in treatment for wife assault. Although both groups exhibited high degrees of psychopathology and similar personality profiles, self-referred men scored significantly higher on borderline personality organization, marital conflict, anger, depression, and total trauma symptoms. The two groups exhibited distinct patterns of socially desirable responding. A discriminant function analysis of scores corrected for social desirability correctly classified 88% of the men into court-referred and self-referred groups. Implications of these findings for theory, assessment, and treatment are considered.
    Criminal Justice and Behavior 06/1994; 21(2):203-222. DOI:10.1177/0093854894021002002 · 1.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a community sample (N = 543) followed over 20 years, the authors studied associations among childhood family violence exposure, personality disorder (PD) symptoms, and adult partner violence. PD symptoms (DSM-III-R Clusters A, B, and C) in early adulthood partially mediated the effect of earlier childhood risks on the odds of perpetrating partner violence. The authors tested whether stability of PD symptoms from adolescence to the early 20s differs for individuals who later perpetrated partner violence. Cluster A ("Odd/Eccentric") symptoms declined less with age among partner violent versus nonviolent men and women. Cluster B ("Dramatic/Erratic") symptoms were more stable through late adolescence in partner violent men, compared with nonviolent men and violent women. Cluster C ("Anxious") symptoms were most stable among partner violent men.
    Journal of Abnormal Psychology 09/2006; 115(3):474-83. DOI:10.1037/0021-843X.115.3.474 · 4.86 Impact Factor
Show more