Medicine in China. A history of ideas

Wellcome Institute
Medical history (Impact Factor: 0.53). 09/1987; 31(4).
Source: PubMed Central
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    • "Each element has a complex series of associations with different aspects of nature and body organs, emotions, spirits, sound, tastes, etc. The following table describes the mutual corresponding relationships between external environmental factors, the five elements, and the human body (Unschuld 1985). "
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    ABSTRACT: This article introduces a holistic model of care for the elderly from the perspective of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a body-spirit-social-environment perspective, deeply influenced by Chinese religions, which laid the foundation of Chinese health beliefs and practices. The author evaluates practices that promote health, longevity, and quality of life, and support end of life care. Insights address care for Chinese and other ethnic Asian older adults. KeywordsHolistic care–Older adults–Traditional Chinese medicine–Pastoral care
    Pastoral Psychology 02/2011; 60(1):73-83. DOI:10.1007/s11089-010-0305-8
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    • "Mao understood the power of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), avidly supporting its widespread use on the rural masses after the 1949 CCP victory. He referred to TCM as the nation's "treasurehouse," and urged the Chinese people to "raise its standards" (Unschuld, 1985). In 1955, the China Academy for Traditional Chinese Medicine (CATCM) was established in Beijing as the center of TCM research, healthcare, and academics in the country. "
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    ABSTRACT: Science and technology of Republican China (1912-1949) often replicated the West in all hierar- chies. However, in 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) declared the nation the Peo- ple's Republic of China, it had assumed Soviet pseudo-science, namely neo-Lamarckian and anti- Mendelian Lysenkoism, which led to intense propaganda campaigns that victimized intellectuals and natural scientists. Not until the 1956 Double Hundred Campaign had China engaging in meaningful exploration into modern genetics with advancements of Morgan. The CCP encour- aged discussions on the impact of Lysenkoism which cultivated guidelines to move science for- ward. However, Mao ended the campaign by asserting the Anti-Rightist Movement (1957) that reinstated the persecution of intellectuals, for he believed they did not contribute to his socialist ethos of the working people. The Great Leap Forward (1958-1959), an idealist and unrealistic attempt to rapidly industrialize the nation, and the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), a grand at- tempt to rid China of the "technological elite," extended China's lost years to a staggering two decades. Post-Mao China rapidly revived its science and technology frontier with specialized sci- ences: agricultural biotechnology, major genomic ventures, modernizing Traditional Chinese Medicine, and stem-cell research. Major revisions to the country's patent laws increased interna- tional interest in China's resources. However, bioethical and technical standards still need to be implemented and locally and nationally monitored if China's scientific advances are to be glob- ally accepted and commercialized.
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    • "By outlining the epistemological foundations of modern medicine, these studies have scrutinised the procedures and techniques of medical truth making, questioning their adequacy and legitimacy especially when dealing with epistemologically 'incommensurable' healing paradigms such as those of TM and CAM therapies. Unschuld (1985) and Kaptchuk (1983) have demonstrated to Western audiences the social context, rationality, and coherence of what for long were written off as the 'esoteric' and 'mystical' philosophies and traditions of traditional Chinese medicine (very much related, as we will be seeing, to Vietnamese medicine). 16 They have also shown how Chinese medicine has come to be scientificised in recent decades. "
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