News Frames, Political Cynicism, and Media Cynicism
ABSTRACT Public confidence in Congress, the government, and social institutions has reached new lows. Healthy skepticism may have given way to corrosive cynicism. Some media watchers and critics blame the media for their preoccupation with the game and strategy of politics rather than social problems and their solution. Others deny that changes in news have affected the quality of democracy or the depth of political alienation. Studies that we have conducted over the past four years show that subtle changes in the way news stories are framed can affect consumers' responses, activating their cynicism when strategic or conflict-oriented frames are used. The studies directly implicate media framing of political news in activating, if not creating, cynicism about campaigns, policy, and governance and imply that cynicism about the news media may be an indirect consequence.
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- "Miller (1974, p.952) describe political cynicism as " the degree of negative affect toward the government " and " a statement of the belief that the government is not functioning and producing outputs in accord with individual expectations. " Political cynicism has been studied in different contexts for more than five decades (e.g., Koch, 2003; Lee & Glasure, 2002; Agger, Goldstein, & Pearl, 1961; Lyons, 1970; Cappella & Jamieson, 1996; and Pinkleton & Austin, 2001). "
ABSTRACT: Chamil Rathnayake* is a doctoral student in Communication and Information Sciences at the University of Hawaii, USA. He has a master " s degree in public administration from the University of Hawaii. His research focuses on online politics, social media uses and gratifications, and social media acceptance for politics. He currently serves as a teaching assistant at the School Abstract This study examines effects of political cynicism and efficacy on online political engagement of
06/2012, Degree: Ph. D.
- "Likevel, nyhetene i en valgkamp er spesielt interessante å studere ut fra et slikt perspektiv fordi graden av spillprioritering (og andre aspekter) er saerlig viktig akkurat da. Flere har pekt på hvordan økende bruk av strategiske rammer kan føre til både kynisme og apati hos velgere 7 (Cappella & Jamieson 1996; 1997), mens andre har pekt på hvordan en økende grad av episodiske formater potensielt kan føre til en fragmentarisk forståelse av komplekse saksfelt (Iyengar 1991; Aalberg & Brekken 2007). Virkningen av medienes prioriteringer når det gjelder hvordan nyheter konstrueres og selekteres kan altså sies å vaere spesielt store i forkant av et valg. "
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- "Valentino, Beckmann, and Buhr (2001, 349) explain in more detail: " The basic argument is that when the media portray candidates as opportunists, vying for political power without any real desire to solve policy problems facing their constituents, the public will begin to adopt the press's negative frame. " Strategic frames lead to cynicism not only about particular candidates (Cappella and Jamieson 1996, 1997) but also about the larger political process and government more generally. Indeed, a series of experiments conducted about the 1998 Michigan gubernatorial race showed that strategic framing lowers trust in government, leads to a belief that elections are not meaningful, and results in lower civic duty—though only among those who are nonpartisans (Valentino, Beckmann, and Buhr 2001). "
ABSTRACT: The authors investigate whether the news media and the tone of actual ads aired during a political campaign influence people’s perceptions of campaign ad tone. Using data on the content of political advertising, local television news coverage, and local newspaper coverage in nine races in five midwestern states in 2006, the authors discover that perceptions of ad tone respond to both exposure to advertising and exposure to local news media. Both positive and negative advertising drive tone perceptions, and the impact of ad coverage depends not on its volume or mentions of tone but on whether that coverage is framed strategically or not.Political Research Quarterly 03/2012; 65(1):62-75. DOI:10.1177/1065912910388189 · 0.92 Impact Factor