News Frames, Political Cynicism, and Media Cynicism
ABSTRACT Public confidence in Congress, the government, and social institutions has reached new lows. Healthy skepticism may have given way to corrosive cynicism. Some media watchers and critics blame the media for their preoccupation with the game and strategy of politics rather than social problems and their solution. Others deny that changes in news have affected the quality of democracy or the depth of political alienation. Studies that we have conducted over the past four years show that subtle changes in the way news stories are framed can affect consumers' responses, activating their cynicism when strategic or conflict-oriented frames are used. The studies directly implicate media framing of political news in activating, if not creating, cynicism about campaigns, policy, and governance and imply that cynicism about the news media may be an indirect consequence.
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ABSTRACT: Frames are organizing principles that are socially shared and persistent over time, and that work symbolically to meaningfully structure the social world. The study of framing has grown over the past decades as mass media has become more and more ubiquitous in society. People rely on media for information and access to local, national, and world events. This reliance on the media is important to address as news stories are essentially narratives and interpretations—By focusing on one aspect of an event and presenting it to an audience, media outlets construct reality. This construction operates by making certain aspects of stories more salient than others. This salience then “frames” an event and provides a reference point for viewers in which all subsequent information is judged upon. This article examines the current literature on framing and examines what techniques and methodologies are used by past and present sociologists and media scholars. Particular attention is given to the hermeneutics of frames, that is, how frames and framing influence individuals to interpret events in various ways.SAGE Open. 3(2).
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ABSTRACT: The authors investigate whether the news media and the tone of actual ads aired during a political campaign influence people’s perceptions of campaign ad tone. Using data on the content of political advertising, local television news coverage, and local newspaper coverage in nine races in five midwestern states in 2006, the authors discover that perceptions of ad tone respond to both exposure to advertising and exposure to local news media. Both positive and negative advertising drive tone perceptions, and the impact of ad coverage depends not on its volume or mentions of tone but on whether that coverage is framed strategically or not.Political Research Quarterly 03/2012; 65(1):62-75. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The article reviews current research on the way that the EU engages with journalists. It also looks at the sort of coverage that Europe receives in the press and on television, and at the likely impact of such reports. The article suggests that a number of factors explain the rather negative coverage that Europe receives. These include tension between the EU and journalists on the Brussels news beat, a lack of commitment to effective news management on the part of European institutions, and the intrinsic news worthiness of some of the more prominent stories that have emerged in recent times. The impact on the public of this coverage is under-researched, but what little evidence there is tends to suggest that television news stories may be more significant than press coverage. The article closes with an exploration of a prospective research agenda on ‘the media and Europe’.Journalism 12/2001; 2(3):299-314.