News Frames, Political Cynicism, and Media Cynicism
ABSTRACT Public confidence in Congress, the government, and social institutions has reached new lows. Healthy skepticism may have given way to corrosive cynicism. Some media watchers and critics blame the media for their preoccupation with the game and strategy of politics rather than social problems and their solution. Others deny that changes in news have affected the quality of democracy or the depth of political alienation. Studies that we have conducted over the past four years show that subtle changes in the way news stories are framed can affect consumers' responses, activating their cynicism when strategic or conflict-oriented frames are used. The studies directly implicate media framing of political news in activating, if not creating, cynicism about campaigns, policy, and governance and imply that cynicism about the news media may be an indirect consequence.
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ABSTRACT: Chamil Rathnayake* is a doctoral student in Communication and Information Sciences at the University of Hawaii, USA. He has a master " s degree in public administration from the University of Hawaii. His research focuses on online politics, social media uses and gratifications, and social media acceptance for politics. He currently serves as a teaching assistant at the School Abstract This study examines effects of political cynicism and efficacy on online political engagement of01/2015;
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ABSTRACT: Hosting global events like the World Expo is a new form of public relations for cities, but few studies have been conducted to explore the extent to which they can change the content of media reports and media attitudes toward city image. We conducted a content analysis of all Shanghai-related news reports from November 2009 to April 2011 on 30 English newspapers in 10 countries. We found a few interesting discoveries. First, the Shanghai Expo 2010 did affect newspapers’ agenda-building, with the Expo being the topic of most reports and the most important news before and during the Expo. Second, the Expo brought changes to the news frames of newspapers, but the changes were still constrained by media practices. Third, the Expo improved newspapers’ attitudes toward Shanghai's city image, particularly toward the city's potential. Finally and most importantly, global events such as the Expo do have a significant impact on the content and attitudes of newspaper reports, but a single event cannot produce long-lasting effects. Therefore improving city image requires “better actions than just better words.”Public Relations Review 12/2012; 38(5):746-754. · 0.73 Impact Factor
- International Journal of Public Opinion Research 11/2014; · 1.00 Impact Factor