Obstetric and Neonatal Care Practices for Infants 501 to 1500 g From 2000 to 2009
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To identify changes in clinical practices for infants with birth weights of 501 to 1500 g born from 2000 to 2009.METHODS:We used prospectively collected registry data for 355 806 infants born from 2000 to 2009 and cared for at 669 North American hospitals in the Vermont Oxford Network. Main outcome measures included obstetric and neonatal practices, including cesarean delivery, antenatal steroids, delivery room interventions, respiratory practices, neuroimaging, retinal exams, and feeding at discharge.RESULTS:Significant changes in many obstetric, delivery room, and neonatal practices occurred from 2000 to 2009. Use of surfactant treatment in the delivery room increased overall (adjusted difference [AD] 17.0%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 16.4% to 17.6%), as did less-invasive methods of respiratory support, such as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (AD 9.9%; 95% CI 9.1% to 10.6%). Use of any ventilation (AD -7.5%; 95% CI -8.0% to -6.9%) and steroids for chronic lung disease (AD -15.3%; 95% CI -15.8% to -14.8%) decreased significantly overall. Most of the changes in respiratory care were observed within each of 4 birth weight strata (501-750 g, 751-1000 g, 1001-1250 g, 1251-1500 g).CONCLUSIONS:Many obstetric and neonatal care practices used in the management of infants 501 to 1500 g changed between 2000 and 2009. In particular, less-invasive approaches to respiratory support increased.
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ABSTRACT: Examination of regional care patterns in antenatal corticosteroid use (ACU) rates may be salient for the development of targeted interventions. Our objective was to assess network-level variation using California perinatal care regions as a proxy. We hypothesized that (1) significant variation in ACU exists within and between California perinatal care regions, and (2) lower performing regions exhibit greater NICU-level variability in ACU than higher performing regions. We undertook cross-sectional analysis of 33 610 very low birth weight infants cared for at 120 hospitals in 11 California perinatal care regions from 2005 to 2011. We computed risk-adjusted median ACU rates and interquartile ranges (IQR) for each perinatal care region. The degree of variation was assessed using hierarchical multivariate regression analysis with NICU as a random effect and region as a fixed effect. From 2005 to 2011, mean ACU rates across California increased from 82% to 87.9%. Regional median (IQR) ACU rates ranged from 68.4% (24.3) to 92.9% (4.8). We found significant variation in ACU rates among regions (P < .0001). Compared with Level IV NICUs, care in a lower level of care was a strongly significant predictor of lower odds of receiving antenatal corticosteroids in a multilevel model (Level III, 0.65 [0.45-0.95]; Level II, 0.39 [0.24-0.64]; P < .001). Regions with lower performance in ACU exhibited greater variability in performance. We found significant variation in ACU rates among California perinatal regions. Regional quality improvement approaches may offer a new avenue to spread best practice. Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.Pediatrics 01/2015; 135(2). DOI:10.1542/peds.2014-2177 · 5.30 Impact Factor
- Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 07/2014; 99(4):F321-4. DOI:10.1136/archdischild-2013-305165 · 3.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim To identify changes in practice between two historical periods (2002 vs. 2011) in early delivery room (DR) management of ELBWI in Italian tertiary centres. Methods A questionnaire was sent to the directors of all Italian level III centres between April and August 2012. The same questionnaire was used in a national survey conducted in 2002. Among the participating centres, those that filled the questionnaire in both study periods were selected for inclusion in this study. Results There was an 88% (n = 76/86) and 92% (n = 98/107) response rate in the 2 surveys, respectively. The two groups overlapped for 64 centres. During the study period, the use of polyethylene bags/wraps increased from 4.7% to 59.4% of the centers. The units using 100% oxygen concentrations to initiate resuscitation of ELBWI decreased from 56.2% to 6.2%. The approach to respiratory management was changed for the majority of the examined issues: positive pressure ventilation (PPV) administered through a T-piece resuscitator (from 14.0% to 85.9%); use of PEEP during PPV (from 35.9% to 95.3%); use of CPAP (from 43.1% to 86.2%). From 2002 to 2011, the percentages of ELBWI intubated in DR decreased in favor of those managed with N-CPAP; ELBWI receiving chest compressions and medications at birth were clinically comparable. Conclusions During the two study periods, the approach to the ELBWI at birth significantly changed. More attention was devoted to temperature control, use of oxygen, and less-invasive respiratory support. Nevertheless, some relevant interventions were not uniformly followed by the surveyed centres.Resuscitation 08/2014; 85(8). DOI:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.04.024 · 3.96 Impact Factor