This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance made independent and significant contributions to variations in youths’ self-reported psychological adjustment. Regression analyses also showed that neither maternal nor paternal punishment by themselves made significant contributions to variations in youths’ adjustment when the influence of perceived maternal and paternal acceptance was controlled. Thus, we concluded that apparent relations between parental punishment and youths’ psychological adjustment were almost completely mediated by youths’ perceptions of parental acceptance. Neither youths’ gender nor age was associated with either perceived parental acceptance or punishment.
"Rohner (1999, 2005) believes that the perceived acceptance-rejection of the youth is the factor that contributes to psychological maladjustment. In two recent studies conducted by his colleagues in Turkey (Erkman and Rohner, 2006) and Jamaica (Steely and Rohner, 2006), it was found that parental punishment per se had little effect on youths' psychological adjustment, and the relation between parental punishment and a youth's psychological adjustment is almost completely mediated by the youth's perception of parental acceptance. Arab societies, where individuals are connected to their families (Dwairy, 2003; Dwairy et al., 2006a), tend to be authoritarian and collective (Dwairy, 1997, 1998). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: While in western countries, such as the US and Europe, authoritarian parenting is associated with negative psycho-social outcomes.
Studies have indicated that this is not the case in collective/authoritarian cultures. It has been hypothesized that inconsistency
in parenting style and culture contributes to these negative outcomes. In this study a scale of authoritarian parenting and
parental inconsistency has been developed. This scale and other scales of authoritarian parenting, adolescent-family connectedness,
and psychological disorders were administered to 72 female and 106 male 11th grade Arab students. The results show that, while
no measures of authoritarian parenting were associated with psychological disorders, all the measures of parental inconsistency
were so associated. The results give empirical support to theories that indicate that parental inconsistency is an important
factor in psychopathology. More research that is focused on inconsistency is needed across different psychological symptoms
and across cultures.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence 05/2007; 37(5):616-626. DOI:10.1007/s10964-007-9169-3 · 2.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Meta-analytic procedures were used to pool information from 43 studies worldwide to test one of the major postulates of parental acceptance-rejection theory (PARTheory). Specifically, using child and adult versions of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) and the Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ), these studies allowed us to assess the claim within PARTheory's personality subtheory that perceived parental acceptance-rejection is associated universally with a specific form of psychological (mal)adjustment among children and adults, regardless of differences in gender, race, geography, language, or culture. Results of the analysis showed that the predicted relation emerged without exception in all studies. The mean weighted effect sizes across the full range of sociocultural and ethnic groups studied were r= .51 for children and r= .46 for adults. Analysis of fail safe N showed that 3,433 additional studies, all with nonsignificant results, would be required to disconfirm the pancultural association between the PARQ and PAQ among children; 941 such studies would be required to disconfirm this relation among adults.
Journal of Marriage and Family 03/2004; 64(1):54 - 64. DOI:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2002.00054.x · 3.01 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Drawing stimulus from a central postulate in parental acceptance-rejection theory, this study explored relations among perceived partner acceptance, remembrances of parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance in childhood, and the psychological adjustment of 681 Turkish adults in ongoing attachment relationships. Five self-report questionnaires were used to assess adults' perceptions of partner acceptance, remembrances of parental acceptance in childhood, and adults' psychological adjustment. Results showed that both men and women tended to perceive considerable acceptance from all three attachment figures (i.e., mothers, fathers, and intimate partners). This fact notwithstanding, correlational analyses showed that the less loving either men or women saw any of their attachment figures to be, the more psychologically maladjusted they tended to be. Moreover, multiple regression analyses showed that the level of perceived acceptance by all three attachment figures made significant and independent contributions to the psychological adjustment of both men and women.
Cross-Cultural Research 02/2008; 42(1):46-56. DOI:10.1177/1069397107309758 · 1.21 Impact Factor
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