Youths’ Perceptions of Corporal Punishment, Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment in a Turkish Metropolis
ABSTRACT This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance made independent and significant contributions to variations in youths’ self-reported psychological adjustment. Regression analyses also showed that neither maternal nor paternal punishment by themselves made significant contributions to variations in youths’ adjustment when the influence of perceived maternal and paternal acceptance was controlled. Thus, we concluded that apparent relations between parental punishment and youths’ psychological adjustment were almost completely mediated by youths’ perceptions of parental acceptance. Neither youths’ gender nor age was associated with either perceived parental acceptance or punishment.
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ABSTRACT: While in western countries, such as the US and Europe, authoritarian parenting is associated with negative psycho-social outcomes. Studies have indicated that this is not the case in collective/authoritarian cultures. It has been hypothesized that inconsistency in parenting style and culture contributes to these negative outcomes. In this study a scale of authoritarian parenting and parental inconsistency has been developed. This scale and other scales of authoritarian parenting, adolescent-family connectedness, and psychological disorders were administered to 72 female and 106 male 11th grade Arab students. The results show that, while no measures of authoritarian parenting were associated with psychological disorders, all the measures of parental inconsistency were so associated. The results give empirical support to theories that indicate that parental inconsistency is an important factor in psychopathology. More research that is focused on inconsistency is needed across different psychological symptoms and across cultures.Journal of Youth and Adolescence 05/2007; 37(5):616-626. DOI:10.1007/s10964-007-9169-3 · 2.72 Impact Factor
- Cross-Cultural Research 07/2014; 48(3):316-325. DOI:10.1177/1069397114528467 · 0.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was the psychometric evaluation of the translated version of the Child Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) – Short Form in the Greek language. The Child PARQ –Short Form is a 24-item self-report questionnaire asking children to reflect on the acceptance-rejection they experience from their parents. The Child PARQ – Short Form has two separate versions (one for the mother and one for the father), and consists of four scales: (1) perceived warmth/affection (2) perceived hostility/aggression (3) perceived indifference/neglect, and (4) perceived undifferentiated rejection. Apart from the four individual scores, a total (composite) score providing an overall measure of perceived acceptance-rejection is obtained by summing the four scale scores. This project is divided into three phases: Firstly, the Child PARQ was administered on a sample of 453 individuals and its factor structure was examined via the use of confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Secondly, its internal consistency (alpha and split-half) and its homogeneity were estimated. During the third phase, a Differential Item Function (DIF) was used to investigate whether persons in different demographic groups (i.e. gender and age) score differently on an item even though they are at the same level of the underlying trait. The results from CFA analysis confirmed that the proposed four-factor model of the Child PARQ – Short Form is valid in the Greek population. Additionally, it was shown, that Child PARQ measures with consistency the constructs it is supposed to measure. Finally, analyses of data revealed minimal age DIF, mainly in the father version. Based on the results from this study, we can conclude that Child PARQ – Short Form have sound psychometric characteristics and can be used to measure parental acceptance-rejection in the Greek population.Expanding Horizons: Current Research on Interpersonal Acceptance, 1st edited by K.J. Ripoll Núñez, A.L. Comunian, C.M. Brown, 07/2012: pages 215-228; Brown Walker Press., ISBN: 978-1-61233-571-1