Youths’ Perceptions of Corporal Punishment, Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment in a Turkish Metropolis

Cross-cultural Research - CROSS-CULT RES 01/2006; 40(3):250-267. DOI: 10.1177/1069397106287924

ABSTRACT This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance made independent and significant contributions to variations in youths’ self-reported psychological adjustment. Regression analyses also showed that neither maternal nor paternal punishment by themselves made significant contributions to variations in youths’ adjustment when the influence of perceived maternal and paternal acceptance was controlled. Thus, we concluded that apparent relations between parental punishment and youths’ psychological adjustment were almost completely mediated by youths’ perceptions of parental acceptance. Neither youths’ gender nor age was associated with either perceived parental acceptance or punishment.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This research explores the effects of parental marital distress on Turkish adolescents’ psychological adjustment, as mediated by adolescents’ perceptions of maternal and paternal acceptance–rejection. This issue has generated considerable interest within the United States, but only recently internationally. The study draws from a sample of 180 12- through 18-year-old Turkish adolescents (94 females and 86 males; mean age of 16 years) and their parents. Assessments of the level of husbands’ and wives’ marital distress were made using the Turkish language version of the Intimate Partner Acceptance–Rejection/Control Questionnaire IPAR/CQ. Adolescents’ perceptions of the level of parental acceptance were made using the mother and father forms of the Child Parental Acceptance–Rejection/Control Questionnaire. Adolescents’ psychological adjustment was assessed using the child version of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire. Mediation analyses revealed that adolescents’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance mediated the relationship between the adolescents’ (both sons’ and daughters’) psychological adjustment and wives’ perceptions of their husbands’ acceptance. Thus, the spillover hypothesis was partially supported as was one of the central postulates of parental acceptance–rejection theory.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 10/2013; · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to address three questions drawn from one of the basic postulates of parental acceptance–rejection theory: (1) To what extent are children’s perceptions of parental warmth related to their psychological adjustment? (2) To what extent are children’s perceptions of parental warmth related to their personality dispositions? (3) Do relations found in these questions vary by the gender of parents? The meta-analysis was based on 30 studies from 16 countries in five continents involving 12,087 children (52 % boys and 48 % girls). All studies included in the meta-analysis, used child versions of the Parental Acceptance–Rejection Questionnaire for Mothers and for Fathers (Child PARQ: Mothers and Fathers), as well as the child version of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire (Child PAQ). Results showed that perceived parental warmth correlated significantly with psychological adjustment and personality dispositions—including hostility and aggression, independence, positive self-esteem, positive self-adequacy, emotional responsiveness, emotional stability, and positive worldview of children across ethnicities, cultures, gender, and geographical boundaries.
    Journal of Child and Family Studies 22(2). · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although research on different cultural groups and ethnic minority families has increased in recent years, there is a paucity of empirical work examining Arabs in the Middle East and in Canada. Given the rapid population growth of Arab Canadians (sevenfold the general population), the cultural divergence between Arab and Canadian culture, and the pervasiveness of group misunderstanding and misrepresentation that has been exacerbated post 9/11, it is imperative to develop our knowledge of Arab families. Furthermore, immigrant youth have to contend with developmental issues of adolescence as well as the sociocultural challenges related to the settlement process. The present study examined psychological and sociocultural youth adjustment of first-generation Arab Canadians (n = 119; M = 20.92) and Arab youth in the Middle East (Egypt and Lebanon; n = 127; M = 20.09). We examined their view of the self in relation to the group (self-construal: independent and interdependent), psychological well-being (autonomy and positive relations with others), life satisfaction, and risky behaviour (aggression and substance use). Our results were inconsistent with two prevailing stereotypes. First, Arab Canadians did not significantly differ from their Arab counterparts in terms of well-being and risky behaviour. Our immigrant group also reported low occurrences of sociocultural difficulties, and were significantly more satisfied with life than Arabs in the Middle East, suggesting that immigration does not necessarily exert a negative effect on youth adjustment. Second, Arabs were more likely to espouse an independent self-construal than Arab Canadians, who, in turn, were more likely to espouse an interdependent self-construal. We argue that the changing sociopolitical climate in the Middle East, support networks in Canada, and the reference group all impacted youth development. Thus, these findings stress the importance of examining Arab youth to further delineate cultural and acculturation influences as well as challenging our current assumptions of Arab families.
    National Metropolis conference, Montreal, Canada; 03/2010