Youths’ Perceptions of Corporal Punishment, Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment in a Turkish Metropolis
ABSTRACT This study explored relations among corporal punishment, perceived parental acceptance, and the psychological adjustment of 427 Turkish youths between the ages of 10 to 18. Participants responded in school to the child versions of the Physical Punishment Questionnaire, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire, Personality Assessment Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire. Results of multiple regression analyses showed that youths’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance made independent and significant contributions to variations in youths’ self-reported psychological adjustment. Regression analyses also showed that neither maternal nor paternal punishment by themselves made significant contributions to variations in youths’ adjustment when the influence of perceived maternal and paternal acceptance was controlled. Thus, we concluded that apparent relations between parental punishment and youths’ psychological adjustment were almost completely mediated by youths’ perceptions of parental acceptance. Neither youths’ gender nor age was associated with either perceived parental acceptance or punishment.
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ABSTRACT: To investigate perceived maternal acceptance/rejection in a group of sexually abused children/adolescents. Quality of the relationship between caregiver and child has been linked to many behavioral and emotional problems of childhood. For those children/ adolescents subject to sexual abuse, perceived parental acceptance/ rejection is an important component of well being. A total of 28 abused children/adolescents and their mothers participated in the study. The victims were sent by the court to the Uludag University Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department for psychiatric evaluation. Numerical variables are presented with mean and standard deviation, categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Nonparametric correlation analysis was used for the relationship between psychological adjustment and perceived parental acceptance of children. The results of the study show that there was a significant correlation among child and mother reports of perceived acceptance. Children/adolescents also displayed more psychological adjustment than maladjustment. According to the Children's Depression Inventory, 15 victims were depressed and 13 were not. There was no remarkable difference between depressed and non-depressed subjects in terms of depression scores. Overall, the results of the study showed that both abused children/adolescents and their mothers perceived a positive relationship as measured by Perceived Parental Acceptance and Rejection Questionnaire-Control scores. The findings suggested that a well-established, healthy emotional bond is resilient to challenges, as was the case in the sexually abused children/adolescents of the study.Medicinski glasnik 08/2012; 9(2):363-9. · 0.20 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This research explores the effects of parental marital distress on Turkish adolescents’ psychological adjustment, as mediated by adolescents’ perceptions of maternal and paternal acceptance–rejection. This issue has generated considerable interest within the United States, but only recently internationally. The study draws from a sample of 180 12- through 18-year-old Turkish adolescents (94 females and 86 males; mean age of 16 years) and their parents. Assessments of the level of husbands’ and wives’ marital distress were made using the Turkish language version of the Intimate Partner Acceptance–Rejection/Control Questionnaire IPAR/CQ. Adolescents’ perceptions of the level of parental acceptance were made using the mother and father forms of the Child Parental Acceptance–Rejection/Control Questionnaire. Adolescents’ psychological adjustment was assessed using the child version of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire. Mediation analyses revealed that adolescents’ perceptions of both maternal and paternal acceptance mediated the relationship between the adolescents’ (both sons’ and daughters’) psychological adjustment and wives’ perceptions of their husbands’ acceptance. Thus, the spillover hypothesis was partially supported as was one of the central postulates of parental acceptance–rejection theory.Journal of Child and Family Studies 01/2013; · 1.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This meta-analysis tests the pancultural generalizability of two central postulates drawn from parental acceptance-rejection theory (PARTheory). The meta-analysis is based on 66 studies involving 19,511 respondents from 22 countries on five continents. All studies used the child and adult versions of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaires for Mothers and for Fathers as well as the child and adult versions of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire. Results of analyses showed that the mean unweighted and weighted effect sizes of correlations between perceived maternal and paternal acceptance with offspring’s psychological adjustment were significant for both children and adults across all cultures studied. The results also showed that the mean weighted effect size of the correlation between paternal acceptance and psychological adjustment was significantly stronger than the mean weighted effect size of the correlation between maternal acceptance and psychological adjustment for children (but not for adults).Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 01/2012; 43(5):784-800. · 1.42 Impact Factor