Urban Entrepreneurialism, Global Business Elites and Urban Mega-Development: A Case Study of Suntec City

Asian Journal of Social Science - ASIAN J SOC SCI 01/2002; 30(1):53-72. DOI: 10.1163/15685310260188736
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    ABSTRACT: In April 2001 Cincinnati, Ohio, erupted into violence and protracted unrest after the police shooting of an unarmed African-American named Timothy Thomas. African-American interest groups in the city subsequently organized an economic boycott of downtown businesses. In response to the demonstration and the boycott, the Cincinnati government issued a marketing campaign entitled ‘We're On the Move!’, intending to give nod to past failures and launch forward movement on their part. In this article I investigate the entirety of these events as narrative moments under the auspices of urban entrepreneurialism to answer the question: How does the local population inform, rather than simply mediate, the narrative administration of an urban entrepreneurial form of governance? I then turn to a response to the campaign by an African-American newspaper columnist in Cincinnati to underscore a dialogic relationship between an entrepreneurial city and its citizens as it forms the presentation of entrepreneurialism. In turn, this conception allows for a more nuanced version of entrepreneurial governance more generally.
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    ABSTRACT: Tourism is increasingly recognised and studied for its economic, political and social importance. This article examines the political economy of tourist imaging in South Africa, and its effect on tourism impact in the country. It investigates the nature of the international tourism production system that South Africa is part of, and the role of producers, particularly tour operators and marketers, in the creation and dissemination of distinct images. It is shown that the image that is predominantly sold by such producers in international markets—focused on the natural, rather than the cultural components of the South African tourist product—is a continuation of the image established during the apartheid era. This has a developmental impact, moreover, as tourist imaging affects tourist flows. This negates the attempts of the South African government to develop and promote a more encompassing image, one that is dually aimed at meeting some of the domestic, political and economic objectives of the government, and shore up some of the government's foreign policy endeavours. Overall, analysing the political economy of a sector such as tourism can provide useful insights into some of the strategies used by developing countries to participate in global systems of production and consumption, and factors that influence their success.
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    ABSTRACT: Using evidence from the Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam tourism industry, this study critiques the entrepreneurial city model on the grounds that it posits a normative argument separating the governance practices of the urban state from the for-profit activities of the private sector. This division masks the long-standing encroachment of the public (or state) sector into "private" (or nonstate) arenas, and limits the nonstate sector's role in forging entrepreneurial schemes. Using interview data that illustrate the ambiguous relationships between the state and nonstate, I will analyze entrepreneurial cities based on the blurriness of the boundaries between the state and nonstate sectors as they negotiate their charges and collaborate for purposes entrepreneurial.
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