Potentially functional polymorphisms in ATG10 are associated with risk of breast cancer in a Chinese population
State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine, Institute of Toxicology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, ChinaGene (Impact Factor: 2.14). 07/2013; 527(2). DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2013.06.067
Autophagy is a cellular process directed at recycling of cellular proteins and removal of intracellular microorganisms, which is important for balancing sources of energy at critical times in development and in response to nutrient stress. It has been reported to be a critical process in cancer initiation and progression. We hypothesized that genetic variants in critical genes of autophagy may involve in the development of breast cancer. Thus, we systematically screened 14 potentially functional polymorphisms in six autophagy-related genes (ATG3, ATG5, ATG7, ATG10, and ATG12 and LC3) that are core components in autophagosome formation. We conducted a case-control study including 1064 breast cancer cases and 1073 cancer-free controls to evaluate the associations of these variants with breast cancer risk. We found that rs1864182 and rs10514231 in ATG10 were significantly associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer [odds ratios (OR) =0.77, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.61-0.96, P = 0.023; and OR=0.75, 95% CI: 0.59-0.93, P = 0.010, respectively]. Similar protective effects for both loci were observed between subgroups stratified by ages at diagnosis/recruitment, menarche and first live birth, and status of menopause, estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR). These results suggest that genetic variants in ATG10 may implicate with breast cancer susceptibility in Chinese population. Further large and functional studies are needed to confirm our findings.
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ABSTRACT: Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) are responsible for cellular protein synthesis and cell viability involving in various process of tumorigenesis. We hypothesized that genetic variants in core ARSs genes may play an important role in the development of breast cancer. Thus, we conducted a case-control study including 1064 breast cancer cases and 1073 cancer-free controls to evaluate the associations of 28 potentially functional polymorphisms in 12 core ARSs genes (AARS, CARS, EPRS, HARS, KARS, LARS, MARS, QARS, RARS, VARS, WARS, and YARS) with breast cancer risk. We found significant associations with the risk of breast cancer for rs34087264 in AARS [odds ratio (OR) = 1.15, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.31], rs801186 in HARS (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.08-1.54), rs193466 in RARS (OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.02-1.35), and rs2273802 in WARS (OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 1.01-1.30). We further observed significant interactions between rs2273802 and age at the first live birth (P = 0.041), and between rs801186 and age on breast cancer risk (P = 0.018). Combined analysis of these four SNPs showed a significant allele-dosage association between the number of risk alleles and breast cancer risk (Ptrend = 2.00 × 10(-4) ). Compared with individuals with "0-2" risk alleles, those carrying "3," "4," or "5 or more" risk alleles had a 1.32 (95% CI = 1.07-1.64), 1.48 (95% CI = 1.45-1.91), or 1.60 folds (95% CI = 1.06-2.41) risk of breast cancer, respectively. These findings indicate that genetic variants in core ARSs genes may modify the individual susceptibility to breast cancer in Chinese population. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Molecular Carcinogenesis 01/2014; 54(7). DOI:10.1002/mc.22128 · 4.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Genetic variants in human microRNA (miRNA) genes may alter mature miRNA processing and/or target selection, and likely contribute to cancer susceptibility and disease progression. Previous studies have suggested that miR-101 may play important roles in the development of cancer by regulating key tumor-associated genes. However, the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of miR-101 in breast cancer susceptibility remains unclear. In this study, we genotyped 11 SNPs of the miR-101 genes (including miR-101-1 and miR-101-2) in a case-control study of 1064 breast cancer cases and 1073 cancer-free controls. The results revealed that rs462480 and rs1053872 in the flank regions of pre-miR-101-2 were significantly associated with increased risk of breast cancer (rs462480 AC/CC vs AA: adjusted OR = 1.182, 95% CI: 1.030-1.357, P = 0.017; rs1053872 CG/GG vs CC: adjusted OR = 1.179, 95% CI: 1.040-1.337, P = 0.010). However, the remaining 9 SNPs were not significantly associated with risk of breast cancer. Additionally, combined analysis of the two high-risk SNPs revealed that subjects carrying the variant genotypes of rs462480 and rs1053872 had increased risk of breast cancer in a dose-response manner (P trend = 0.002). Compared with individuals with "0-1" risk allele, those carrying "2-4" risk alleles had 1.29-fold risk of breast cancer. In conclusion, these findings suggested that the SNPs rs462480 and rs1053872 residing in miR-101-2 gene may have a solid impact on genetic susceptibility to breast cancer, which may improve our understanding of the potential contribution of miRNA SNPs to cancer pathogenesis.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e86319. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0086319 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Knowledge gained over the past 10 years about the mechanisms that underpin autophagy has provided a universal framework for studies of diverse physiological and pathological processes. Of particular interest is the emerging role of autophagy in the maintenance of energy homeostasis, both at the cellular level and within the organism as a whole. Dysregulation of autophagy might contribute to the development of metabolic disorders, including insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, obesity, atherosclerosis and osteoporosis. The authors of this Review highlight research findings on the regulation of cellular autophagy by nutrients. They also describe the role of autophagy in various tissues in the regulation of energy metabolism and the development of diseases related to altered metabolism. Finally, the potential of pharmacological modulation of autophagy as a treatment for human metabolic disorders is discussed.Nature Reviews Endocrinology 03/2014; 10(6). DOI:10.1038/nrendo.2014.35 · 13.28 Impact Factor
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