Article

Beyond Negative Depictions of Informal Employment: Some Lessons from Moscow

Urban Studies (Impact Factor: 1.28). 11/2007; 44(12):2321-2338. DOI: 10.1080/00420980701540945

ABSTRACT Informal employment is conventionally viewed as residual, marginal and sweatshop-like work that impairs urban economic development and social cohesion. Reporting data from 313 interviews conducted with Moscow households during 2005/06, this negative reading is found to apply to just one segment of the informal labour market in this post-socialist city— namely, informal waged employment. Examining the multiple types of informal employment conducted on an own-account basis, more positive impacts emerge of this sphere as the key seedbed for enterprise development and principal mechanism for delivering community self-help. The outcome is a call for a finer-grained understanding and more nuanced policy approach towards informal employment that recognises its plurality of forms and their varying consequences for economic development and social cohesion.

1 Bookmark
 · 
46 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to evaluate critically the neo-liberal de-regulatory theory which asserts that the way to tackle undeclared work is to de-regulate economies and cut-back welfare provision. Reporting the results of a 2007 Eurobarometer survey of envelope wages in 10 Central and Eastern European countries, the finding is that the practice of formal employees receiving two wages from their formal employer, an official declared salary and an additional undeclared wage, markedly varies cross-nationally, from 23% of formal employees in Romania to just 3% of formal employees in the Czech Republic. Analyzing this from a “varieties of capitalism” perspective, undeclared envelope wage payments are found to be more prevalent in neo-liberal economies with lower levels of state intervention and less common in more “welfare capitalist” economies in which there is greater state intervention in work and welfare. The resultant conclusion is that envelope wages are correlated with the under- rather than over-regulation of work and welfare.
    Debatte 04/2012; 20(1):3-20.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose ‐ For many decades, European national governments sought to stamp out undeclared work using a repressive approach. In the changing economic context of declining employment participation rates, however, the European Commission has called for a new approach to transform undeclared work into declared work. This necessitates public policy innovations. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the degree to which this European Commission call for policy innovation has been adopted by European national governments. Design/methodology/approach ‐ To evaluate this, the results are reported of an e-survey conducted in 2010 of 104 senior stakeholders from government departments, trade unions and employer organisations in 31 European countries, and 24 follow-up in-depth interviews. Findings ‐ The finding is that although European nations have responded to the changing economic context and the resultant call by the European Commission for a new approach by adopting an array of innovative new policy measures to facilitate the declaration of undeclared work, stamping out such endeavour through repression measures remains the principal approach in most nations. Research limitations/implications ‐ Until now, few studies have evaluated critically the different policy approaches adopted by European national governments to tackle undeclared work. This paper fills that gap. Practical implications ‐ This paper reveals that if undeclared jobs are to be transformed into declared jobs and economic inclusion promoted, national governments will need to accord more priority to innovative new policy measures to legitimise declared work than is currently the case. Originality/value ‐ This is the first critical evaluation of whether the European Commission call for innovative new policy measures when tackling undeclared work has been implemented.
    Management Decision 06/2013; 51(6). · 1.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the importance of remittances in international capital flows, a burgeoning macro-economic literature has displayed their contribution to national, regional and local economic development. Until now, however, there have been few micro-economic studies of the effects of remittances. This paper fills that gap. The aim is to demonstrate how the remittances from profit generated by an entrepreneur in one country can act as capital for developing business ventures in another country. To do this, in-depth interviews are reported with 12 entrepreneurs, seven in the UK who send remittances to Ukraine to support the development of business ventures and five entrepreneurs operating in Ukraine whose business ventures are supported by international remittances from friends and family. The outcome is a clear display of the role played by international remittances in enabling entrepreneurs to develop their international operations.
    European J of International Management 01/2012; 6(5):486 - 502. · 0.47 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
96 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014