The strains capable of resistance against Verticillium dahliae Kleb were isolated and screened from the soils of cotton fields from several different provinces in China. A strain, coded
DM-54, with a rather high antagonistic activity was obtained. Its morphological characteristics, physiological and biochemical
properties and a 16 S rDNA sequence of this strain were further studied. The DM-54 strain was finally identified as a kind
of Bacillus amyloliquefacien. Through a single factor experiment and an orthogonal experiment, the optimal shaking flask fermentation condition of strain
DM-54 was found to be: media composed of 5% dextrin, 3% soy peptone, 0.02% MgSO4, 0.01% CaCl2, initial pH 7.0 and 10% inoculum volume, media volume 30/250 (mL/mL), fermentation temperature at 32°C, rotating speed 200
r·min−1, fermentation time of 48 h. Its antagonistic activity was distinguished to be elevated, at about 39.9%. Our research offers
an effective means for the massive production of antagonistic proteins.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nearly complete sequences of 16S rRNA genes of representative strains of the genus Saccharomonospora were determined following the isolation and cloning of the amplified genes. The sequences were aligned with those of representatives of the family Pseudonocardiaceae, and a phylogenetic tree was inferred by the neighbor-joining method. The genus Saccharomonospora formed a distinct clade within the evolutionary radiation encompassed by the family Pseudonocardiaceae. The average nucleotide similarity value found between the type strains of the four validly described Saccharomonospora species was 97.5% +/- 1.0%. The most distant relationship was found between Saccharomonospora azurea and Saccharomonospora viridis K73 (96.3% similarity). In contrast, Saccharomonospora azurea K161 and "Saccharomonospora caesia" K163 had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences. The nucleotide sequence data suggest that the genus Saccharomonospora contains several new centers of variation.
International journal of systematic bacteriology 05/1995; 45(2):351-6. DOI:10.1099/00207713-45-2-351 · 2.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new method called the neighbor-joining method is proposed for reconstructing phylogenetic trees from evolutionary distance data. The principle of this method is to find pairs of operational taxonomic units (OTUs [= neighbors]) that minimize the total branch length at each stage of clustering of OTUs starting with a starlike tree. The branch lengths as well as the topology of a parsimonious tree can quickly be obtained by using this method. Using computer simulation, we studied the efficiency of this method in obtaining the correct unrooted tree in comparison with that of five other tree-making methods: the unweighted pair group method of analysis, Farris's method, Sattath and Tversky's method, Li's method, and Tateno et al.'s modified Farris method. The new, neighbor-joining method and Sattath and Tversky's method are shown to be generally better than the other methods.
Molecular Biology and Evolution 08/1987; 4(4):406-25. · 9.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The genus Nocardiopsis was shown to be phylogenetically coherent and to represent a distinct lineage within the radiation of the order Actinomycetales. The closest relatives of the genus Nocardiopsis are members of the genera Actinomadura, Thermomonospora, Streptosporangium, and Microtetraspora. The intrageneric structure of the genus Nocardiopsis is shown to consist of a highly related species group containing Nocardiopsis dassonvillei, Nocardiopsis alborubida, and Nocardiopsis antarctica and a second group of less highly related species comprising Nocardiopsis alba subsp. alba, Nocardiopsis alba subsp. prasina, and Nocardiopsis listeri. Nocardiopsis lucentensis occupies a position intermediate between the two species groups. The results of a 16S ribosomal DNA sequence analysis are generally consistent with the available chemotaxonomic, phenotypic, and DNA-DNA hybridization data. The phylogenetic position and the morpho- and chemotaxonomic properties of Nocardiopsis species support the creation of a family for the genus Nocardiopsis, Nocardiopsaceae fam. nov.
International journal of systematic bacteriology 11/1996; 46(4):1088-92. DOI:10.1099/00207713-46-4-1088 · 2.27 Impact Factor
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