Article

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy delayed by complicated myocardial infarction with papillary muscle rupture, and performed after unique complex mitral repair.

Cardiac Surgery Department, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Malo Inwazyjne (Impact Factor: 1.09). 06/2013; 8(2):170-3. DOI: 10.5114/wiitm.2011.32823
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A 65-year-old woman was admitted for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a method of choice for gallbladder diseases. Symptoms of gallstones are similar to angina pectoris, especially in right coronary artery stenosis. In this case, masked by known symptomatic gallstones, unsuspected coronary artery disease manifested with complicated myocardial infarction and pulmonary edema. The patient survived the acute period, treated pharmacologically. Severe mitral insufficiency caused mainly by ruptured papillary muscle, with left ventricle and atrium enlargement, and right coronary artery stenosis were indications for heart surgery. Repair of this infrequent complication of myocardial infarction is rarely feasible. The complex repair, unique for this cause, is described. During the operation, the head of the ruptured posteromedial papillary muscle was re-implanted, and two neo-chords implanted for prolapsing the A2 mitral valve segment. Annuloplasty with a 29 mm elastic ring accomplished repair. Saphenous bypass graft was applied to the only feasible postero-lateral branch. Although intraoperative echocardiography revealed excellent results, inotropic support, and intra-aortic counterpulsation were necessary for weaning off cardio-pulmonary bypass and low cardiac output treatment. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 12, with anticoagulant administered for 3 months. As soon as it was no longer required, she underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with no complications. Durable results of both operations performed 5 years ago are confirmed by physical examination and ultrasonography. Complex mitral valve repair, rather than valve replacement, should be considered in similar cases. Possibility of coexistence of coronary artery disease should be considered before cholecystectomy. Good quality repair of cardiac disease allows for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
68 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute acalculous cholecystitis (ACC) is most frequently reported in critically ill patients following sepsis, extensive injury or surgery. It is rather uncommon as a chemotherapy-induced complication, which is usually life-threatening in neutropenic patients subjected to myelosuppressive therapy. A 23-year-old patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia was subjected to myelosuppressive chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, pegaspargase). After the first chemotherapy cycle the patient was neutropenic and feverish; she presented with vomiting and pain in the right epigastrium. Ultrasound demonstrated an acalculous gallbladder with wall thickening up to 14 mm. The ACC was diagnosed. Medical therapy included a broad spectrum antibiotic regimen and granulocyte-colony stimulating factors. On the second day after ACC diagnosis the patient's general condition worsened. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. The resected gallbladder showed no signs of bacterial or leukemic infiltrates. The postoperative course was uneventful. In the management of neutropenic patients with ACC surgical treatment is as important as pharmacological therapy.
    Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Malo Inwazyjne 09/2014; 9(3):468-72. DOI:10.5114/wiitm.2014.45397 · 1.09 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Several preoperative scoring systems have been proposed to predict the difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in order to optimize the results of surgical treatment by either selection of patients for the procedure or providing an adequately experienced surgical team for a given patient. Nevertheless, none of them has achieved significant penetration into everyday practice. To propose and validate a novel risk score based on the patient's history, physical examination and abdominal ultrasonography parameters. The risk score was defined by the presence of the following risk factors: male sex, biliary colic within the last 3 weeks prior to surgery, history of acute cholecystitis treated conservatively, previous upper abdominal surgery, right upper quadrant pain, rigidity in right upper abdomen and ultrasonographic parameters - thickening of the gallbladder wall ≥ 4 mm, hydropic gallbladder (diameter exceeding 4.5 cm) and shrunken gallbladder. One point was allocated for each risk factor, except for previous upper abdominal surgery, which scored two. Difficulty of the surgery was assessed by operating time (OT) and the postoperative subjective evaluation score (PSES). Five hundred and eighty-six consecutive patients were enrolled in the prospective observational study. A significant linear correlation was observed between the risk score and measures of difficulty employed. Five levels of difficulty were defined (score 0, 1, 2, 3, ≥ 4) with significant differences in OT, PSES and conversion rates (p < 0.001). The suggested risk score is designed as a simple and reliable predictive model, possibly effective to overcome the negative effect of the individual proficiency gain curve and/or to select 'easy' cases for day surgery, single incision laparoscopic surgery or natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery procedures.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The number of breast reconstruction procedures has been increasing in recent years. One of the suggested treatment methods is breast reconstruction with a pedicled skin and muscle TRAM flap (transverse rectus abdominis muscle - TRAM). Surgical incisions performed during a cholecystectomy procedure may be located in the areas significant for flap survival. The aim of this paper is to present anatomical changes in abdominal walls secondary to pedicled skin and muscle (TRAM) flap breast reconstruction, which influence the planned access in cholecystectomy procedures. The authors present 2 cases of cholecystectomy performed due to cholelithiasis in female patients with a history of TRAM flap breast reconstruction procedures. The first patient underwent a traditional method of surgery 14 days after the reconstruction due to acute cholecystitis. The second patient underwent a laparoscopy due to cholelithiasis 7 years after the TRAM procedure. In both cases an abdominal ultrasound scan was performed prior to the operation, and surgical access was determined following consultation with a plastic surgeon. The patient who had undergone traditional cholecystectomy developed an infection of the postoperative wound. The wound was treated with antibiotics, vacuum therapy and skin grafting. After 7 weeks complete postoperative wound healing and correct healing of the TRAM flap were achieved. The patient who had undergone laparoscopy was discharged home on the second postoperative day without any complications. In order to plan a safe surgical access, it is necessary to know the changes in the anatomy of abdominal walls following a pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction procedure.
    Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Malo Inwazyjne 09/2014; 9(3):473-8. DOI:10.5114/wiitm.2014.43081 · 1.09 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
5 Downloads
Available from
Oct 24, 2014