Exploration of charity toward busking (street performance) as a function of religion.
ABSTRACT To examine conceptions of religion and charity in a new venue--busking (street performance)--103 undergraduate students at a regional university in the southeastern U.S. completed a battery of surveys regarding religion, and attitudes and behaviors toward busking. For those 85 participants who had previously encountered a busker, stepwise regression was used to predict increased frequency of giving to buskers. The best predictive model of giving to buskers consisted of three variables including less experienced irritation toward buskers, prior experience with giving to the homeless, and lower religious fundamentalism.
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ABSTRACT: The decline over the past decade in the percentage of physicians providing care to charity and Medicaid patients has been attributed to both financial pressure and the changing practice environment. Policymakers should be concerned about these trends, since private physicians are a major source of medical care for low-income persons. This study examines how changes in physicians' practice income, ownership, and size affect their decisions to stop or start treating charity care and Medicaid patients. This study uses panel data from four rounds of the Community Tracking Study Physician Survey. The dependent variables are the likelihood of physicians' (1) dropping charity care, (2) starting to provide charity care, (3) no longer accepting new Medicaid patients, and (4) starting to accept new Medicaid patients. The primary independent variables are changes in physicians' practice income, ownership, and practice type/size. Multivariate analysis controls for the effects of other physician practice characteristics, health policies, and health care market factors. A decline in physicians' income increased the likelihood that a physician would stop accepting new Medicaid patients but had no effect on his or her decision to provide charity care. Those physicians who switched from being owners to employees or from small to larger practices were more likely to drop charity care and to start accepting Medicaid patients, and physicians who made the opposite practice changes did the reverse. Changes in their income and practice arrangements make physicians less willing to accept Medicaid and uninsured patients. Moreover, physicians moving into different practice arrangements treat charity and Medicaid patients as substitutes rather than as similar types of patients. To reverse these trends, policymakers should consider raising Medicaid reimbursement rates and subsidizing organizations that encourage private physicians to provide charity care.Milbank Quarterly 04/2008; 86(1):91-123. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-0009.2007.00514.x · 5.06 Impact Factor
- Psychological Science 03/2010; 21(3):381-3. DOI:10.1177/0956797610361426 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Questionnaire responses from 245 college students were analyzed to determine whether individuals who perform service volunteer work differ in their approach to religion from those who do not. In the first comparison, individuals reporting higher levels of volunteer activity during college scored significantly higher on the Intrinsic scale than those reporting lower levels. In the second comparison, college seniors applying to a postgraduate volunteer service organization scored significantly higher on the Quest scale and significantly lower on the Extrinsic scale than did college seniors who indicated no interest in joining such an organization. Although altruism may be generally regarded as a religious value, its particular expression in helping behavior may vary as a function of individual orientations to religion. Further investigation of the connection between religion and altruism therefore requires a careful delineation of how religion is approached as well as of the style and context of helping behavior considered.Personality and Individual Differences 01/1989; 10(6-10):663-669. DOI:10.1016/0191-8869(89)90225-0 · 1.86 Impact Factor