Pursuing Personal Goals: Skills Enable Progress, but Not all Progress is Beneficial
Although goal theorists have speculated about the causes and consequences of making progress at personal goals, little longitudinal research has examined these issues. In the current prospective study, participants with stronger social and self-regulatory skills made more progress in their goals over the course of a semester. In turn, goal progress predicted increases in psychological well-being, both in short-term (5-day) increments and across the whole semester; At both short- and long-term levels of analysis, however, the amount that well-being increased depended on the "organismic congruence" of participants' goals. That is, participants benefited most from goal attainment when the goals that they pursued were consistent with inherent psychological needs. We conclude that a fuller understanding of the relations between goals, performance, and psychological well-being requires recourse to both cybernetic and organismic theories of motivation.
Available from: Nicolette Vanessa Roman
- "Parenting styles and to a limited extent parental practices have been shown to influence performance in school, self-esteem and self-worth, sympathy, social competence and behavioural problems as associated with family adversity and discipline, perceptions and so on (Aunola & Nurmi, 2004; Baumrind, 2005; Dumas et al ., 2009; Endicott & Liossis, 2005; Laible & Carlo, 2004; Vieno et al ., 2009) . Limited research has been done linking parenting to the adoption of life goals and aspirations (Laible & Carlo, 2004; Sheldon & Kasser, 1998) . Research by Bray et al . "
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ABSTRACT: The present study examined the role of parenting styles and basic psychological needs in the adoption of goals and aspirations of learners, as well as for their psychological wellbeing (positive versus negative affect) for a South African sample of learners. A cross-sectional design was used to conduct this study with a sample of 853 learners at public schools in the Western Cape, South Africa (females =57%. Mean age 16.96 years, SD = 1.12). Data were collected using the Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ), Psychological Needs Scale, Aspiration Index and the PANAS. The results suggest that authoritative and authoritarian paternal parenting styles influence the adoption of life goals and psychological wellbeing of adolescents with fathers’ negative parenting possibly reducing on adolescent wellbeing. Extrinsic life goals was a significant predictor of positive affect, while need frustration was a significant predictor for negative affect. These findings add to the current debates within literature by examining the role of parenting styles and basic psychological needs in the adoption of goals and aspirations as well as psychological wellbeing of learners in a developing country context. The study also contributes to the role that the parental environment plays in psychological wellbeing of adolescents specifically the important role of fathers in parent-child relationships.
Journal of Psychology in Africa 08/2015; 25(4). DOI:10.1080/14330237.2015.1078087 · 0.12 Impact Factor
Available from: Fouquereau Evelyne
- "First, the self-concordance model advocates the benefits of personal goal strivings for autonomous motives in comparison to controlled motives. Second, the model proposes that setting goals for autonomous reasons (i.e., self-concordant goals) should promote goal attainment (Sheldon & Kasser, 1998). Along these lines, results revealed that pursuing goals out of autonomous motivation, but not controlled motivation, yielded salutary effects on goal attainment (e.g., Koestner, Otis, Powers, Pelletier & Gagnon, 2008). "
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ABSTRACT: The main purpose of the present research was to examine the effects of achievement goals (i.e., task-approach, task-avoidance, self-approach, self-avoidance, other-approach, and other-avoidance) and the autonomous and controlling reasons underlying their pursuit on educational (samples 1 and 2) and work (sample 3) outcomes (i.e., engagement, satisfaction, positive affect, and anxiety). The present results revealed that motivations underlying achievement goals are stronger predictors of subjective well-being than the endorsement of goals themselves. Theoretical implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Motivation and Emotion 07/2015; 39(6). DOI:10.1007/s11031-015-9505-y · 1.55 Impact Factor
Available from: Robert A. Giacalone
- "Interdisciplinary research has shown a consistent negative relationship between materialistic values and wellbeing (Diener and Seligman 2004; Kasser 2002). Researchers have linked materialism to depression and anxiety (Kasser and Ryan 1993), risky behavior such as use of alcohol and drugs (Kasser and Ryan 2001; Williams et al. 2000), lower self-actualization and vitality (Kasser and Ryan 1996; Sheldon and Kasser 1998), greater incidences of physical symptoms (e.g., headaches and sore throats) (Kasser and Ryan 1996), lower quality of daily experiences (Kasser and Ryan 1996), and lower life satisfaction (Sheldon and Kasser 2001). In research on work settings, materialism has been linked to lower work-related personal well-being (Deckop et al. 2010), and increases in work– family conflict (Promislo et al. 2010). "
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ABSTRACT: Following on theoretical work and studies that assert a relationship between unethical activities and diminished well-being, and a common belief that those more ethically inclined experience greater well-being, the present study examined whether individual differences in ethical orientation may be associated with the experience of well-being. This paper reports the findings of two separate studies showing that individual differences in moral attentiveness, moral identity, idealism, relativism, and integrity were associated with differences in a wide range of well-being measures. Of particular significance is not all ethical orientations were found to contribute to well-being. In fact, some negatively impacted individual levels of well-being. Implications for integrating these new findings into existing ethical theory and considerations for future research are explored.
Journal of Business Ethics 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10551-015-2558-8 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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