Pavot W, Diener E. The Satisfaction With Life Scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction

The Journal of Positive Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.67). 04/2008; 3(2):137-152. DOI: 10.1080/17439760701756946


Since its introduction in 1985, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 198569.

Larsen , RJ ,
Diener , E and
Emmons , RA . 1985. An evaluation of subjective well-being measures. Social Indicators Research, 17: 1–18. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®], [CSA]View all references) has been heavily used as a measure of the life satisfaction component of subjective well-being. Scores on the SWLS have been shown to correlate with measures of mental health and to be predictive of future behaviors such as suicide attempts. In the area of health psychology, the SWLS has been used to examine the subjective quality of life of people experiencing serious health concerns. At a theoretical level, extensive research conducted since the last review (Pavot & Diener, 199389.

Pavot , W and
Diener , E . 1993. Review of the Satisfaction With Life Scale. Psychological Assessment, 5: 164–172. [CrossRef]View all references) has more clearly articulated the nature of life satisfaction judgments, and the multiple forces that can exert an influence on such judgments. In this review, we examine the evolving views of life satisfaction, offer updated psychometric data for the SWLS, and discuss future issues in the assessment of life satisfaction.

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    • "In contrast, research evidence from adolescents in other Asian countries suggests that youth life satisfaction may in fact vary depending on cultural context. For example, studies of adolescents in China, Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan often indicate lower levels of life satisfaction compared to that typically reported by their Western peers (Park and Huebner 2005; Pavot and Diener 2008; Seligson et al. 2003; Shek and Liu 2014; Stankov 2013; Ye et al. 2014). These data, however, are derived primarily from East and Southeast Asian countries, which have a unique culture largely rooted in Confucianism (Stankov 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: This exploratory study examined the relations between approach and avoidance coping behaviors and general life satisfaction in a sample of 248 Hindu adolescents from an urban area in India. The major findings were threefold. First, gender differences were observed, with females reporting more frequent use of the strategies of seeking social support, direct problem solving, and internalizing behaviors. Second, using multiple regression analyses, the coping behaviors of problem solving and externalizing behaviors accounted for significant, unique variance in life satisfaction scores. Third, gender did not moderate the relations between any of the coping behaviors and life satisfaction. Possible implications for health promotion are discussed. Keywords Life satisfaction � Coping � Indian adolescents � Gender differences
    Journal of Happiness Studies 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10902-015-9666-0 · 1.88 Impact Factor
    • "Coefficient alpha was 0.89. Hedonic evaluative well-being was measured using the 5-item Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener et al. 1985), a widely used measure of subjective well-being assessing overall life satisfaction (Pavot and Diener 2008). A 7-point Likert scale with responses ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree was used. "
    Journal of Population Ageing 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12062-015-9132-0
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    • "According to some researchers, SWB has both cognitive and affective components (Diener, 1984, 1994, 2000; Diener, Suh, Lucas, & Smith, 1999). The cognitive component of well-being (CWB) refers to the result of the evaluation of information processing that people make about their lives, both about the past and present (Pavot & Diener, 2008). While the affective component of well-being (AWB) involves a hedonistic individual balance , the frequency with which people experience positive and negative emotions (Diener et al., 1999). "
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    ABSTRACT: This meta-analysis includes studies concerning the relationships between emotional intelligence (EI) and subjective well-being (SWB). A total of 25 studies with 77 effect sizes and a combined sample of 8520 participants were found. The results provided evidence of a positive significant relationship between EI and SWB (ȓ = 0.32). This relationship was found to be higher in studies using self-report mixed EI instruments (ȓ = 0.38), than with in studies using self-report ability EI instruments (ȓ = 0.32) and performance-based ability EI instruments (ȓ = 0.22). When examining EI measures, there was a larger association between EI and the cognitive component of SWB (ȓ = 0.35) than with the affective component (ȓ = 0.29). There is a need for further research with other evaluation methods to achieve a better understanding of the relationship between EI and SWB.
    The Journal of Positive Psychology 08/2015; DOI:10.1080/17439760.2015.1058968 · 1.67 Impact Factor
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