The Satisfaction With Life Scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction
ABSTRACT Since its introduction in 1985, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) has been heavily used as a measure of the life satisfaction component of subjective well-being. Scores on the SWLS have been shown to correlate with measures of mental health and to be predictive of future behaviors such as suicide attempts. In the area of health psychology, the SWLS has been used to examine the subjective quality of life of people experiencing serious health concerns. At a theoretical level, extensive research conducted since the last review (Pavot & Diener, 1993) has more clearly articulated the nature of life satisfaction judgments, and the multiple forces that can exert an influence on such judgments. In this review, we examine the evolving views of life satisfaction, offer updated psychometric data for the SWLS, and discuss future issues in the assessment of life satisfaction.
- SourceAvailable from: Carmelo VazquezJournal of Happiness Studies 02/2014; · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective We examined the relative importance of physical health status, weight/shape concerns, and binge eating as mediators of the association between obesity and psychosocial impairment in a community sample of women and men.Method Self-report measures of eating disorder features, perceived physical health and psychosocial functioning were completed by a general population sample of women and men classified as obese or non-obese (women: obese=276, non-obese=1220; men: obese=169, non-obese=769). Moderated mediation analysis was used to assess the relative importance of each of the putative mediators in accounting for observed associations between obesity and each outcome measure and possible moderation of these effects by sex.ResultsWeight/shape concerns and physical health were equally strong mediators of the association between obesity and psychosocial impairment. This was the case for both men and women and for each of three measures of psychosocial functioning - general psychological distress, life satisfaction and social support - employed. The effects of binge eating were modest and reached statistical significance only for the life satisfaction measure in men.ConclusionA greater focus on body acceptance may be indicated in obesity prevention and weight-management programs.International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 11 June 2014; doi:10.1038/ijo.2014.100.International journal of obesity (2005) 06/2014; · 5.22 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The paper presents three empirical studies designed to extend the test of the construct validity of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) among Portuguese students. In the first study, the responses of 461 elementary and secondary education students were submitted to a principal component analysis. A solution of one single factor was chosen, accounting for 55.7 % of the total variance, with Cronbach alpha coefficient and inter-item correlation above .70 and .20, respectively. The second study used a sample of 317 undergraduate students and registered a similar factor solution for SWLS (ϕpq = 0.99), which accounted for 65.6 % of the total variance (Cronbach alpha .89 and inter-item correlation above .20). A test–retest analysis registered coefficients of .70 (T2) and .77 (T3) and no significant statistically differences between T2, T3 and T1. The third study used a sample of 107 foster care youths from elementary and secondary education. Confirmatory factor analysis results indicate adequate fit indexes for the one-factor solution (χ2/df = 2.70, GFI = .96, CFI = .96), which showed convergent validity, reliability and homogeneity. In conclusion, there is psychometric evidence for the one-factor structure of the SWLS in Portugal.Social Indicators Research 02/2014; · 1.13 Impact Factor