Genomic DNA Cloning of the Region Encoding Nitric Oxide Reductase in Paracoccus halodenitrificansand a Structure Model Relevant to Cytochrome Oxidase
ABSTRACT The structural genes for the NO reductase inParacoccus halodenitrificans,norC,norB, andnorQwere sequenced. ThenorCandnorBencode the cytochromec(NorC) and cytochromeb(NorB) subunits, respectively. The matured NorC (17258 Da, 148 residues) has a binding motif (CXYCH) for hemec, which is axially coordinated by His65 and Met115. NorB (52337 Da, 451 residues) has twelve putative transmembrane helices and the 19% sequence homology with the subunit I of cytochrome oxidase fromParacoccus denitrificans.Several histidine and glutamate residues were identified as the ligands for two hemesband a non-heme iron in comparison with the sequence of cytochrome oxidase. The higher-order model structures constructed from the amino acid sequences of NorC and NorB showed the topology of the helical segments and the locations of the metal centers.
- SourceAvailable from: Nicholas J WatmoughBiochimica et Biophysica Acta 06/1999; 1411(2-3):456-74. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Denitrification, the reduction of nitrate or nitrite to nitrous oxide or dinitrogen, is the major mechanism by which fixed nitrogen returns to the atmosphere from soil and water. Although the denitrifying ability has been found in microorganisms belonging to numerous groups of bacteria and Archaea, the genes encoding the denitrifying reductases have been studied in only few species. Recent investigations have led to the identification of new classes of denitrifying reductases, indicating a more complex genetic basis of this process than previously recognized. The increasing number of genome sequencing projects has opened a new way to study the genetics of the denitrifying process in bacteria and Archaea. In this review, we summarized the current knowledge on denitrifying genes and compared their genetic organizations by using new sequences resulting from the analysis of finished and unfinished microbial genomes with a special attention paid to the clustering of genes encoding different classes of reductases. In addition, some evolutionary relationships between the structural genes are presented.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 10/2002; 1577(3):355-76. · 4.66 Impact Factor
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